Improved survival rates of patients with acral lentiginous melanoma treated with hyperthermic isolation perfusion, wide excision, and regional lymphadenectomy

John R. Fletcher, Clifton R. White, William S. Fletcher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Twenty-three patients with extremity malignant melanoma who fit the clinical and pathologic criteria for acral lentiginous melanoma were treated in a prospective, nonrandomized trial of wide local excision, regional lymphadenectomy, and hyperthermic isolation perfusion. There were 17 patients (73.9 percent) pathologically judged to be in stage I and 6 (26.1 percent) in stage II. Three patients entered the study with regional recurrence. Delay in diagnosis of the lesions averaged almost 3 1 2 years. Increasing awareness about the occurrence of acral lentiginous melanoma may result in earlier diagnosis, increased survival rates, and cure. Life table survival analysis revealed 5 and 10 year survival rates of 75 percent and 58 percent, respectively. This supports the findings of Krementz et al [11] and suggests not only that a marked improvement in survival can be achieved through the use of hyperthermic isolation perfusion, but that the survival of patients with acral lentiginous melanoma is comparable with that of patients with other extremity malignant melanomas treated with aggressive multimodality therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)593-598
Number of pages6
JournalThe American Journal of Surgery
Volume151
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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