Improved drought resilience through continuous water service monitoring and specialized institutions-A longitudinal analysis of water service delivery across motorized boreholes in Northern Kenya

Nick Turman-Bryant, Corey Nagel, Lauren Stover, Christian Muragijimana, Evan A. Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Increasing frequency and severity of drought is driving increased use of groundwater resources in arid regions of Northern Kenya, where approximately 2.5 million people depend on groundwater for personal use, livestock, and limited irrigation. As part of a broader effort to provide more sustainable water, sanitation, and hygiene services in the region, we have collected data related to site functionality and use for approximately 120 motorized boreholes across five counties. Using a multilevel model to account for geospatial and temporal clustering, we found that borehole sites, which counties had identified as strategic assets during drought, ran on average about 1.31 h less per day compared to non-strategic borehole sites. As this finding was contrary to our hypothesis that strategic boreholes would exhibit greater use on average compared to non-strategic boreholes, we consider possible explanations for this discrepancy. We also use a coupled human and natural systems framework to explore how policies and program activities in a complex system depend on consistent and reliable feedback mechanisms. Funding was provided by the United States Agency for International Development. The views expressed in this article do not necessarily reflect the views of the United States Agency for International Development or the United States Government.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3046
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Volume11
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Drought
Boreholes
drought
Kenya
resilience
borehole
monitoring
water
Monitoring
hygiene
irrigation
functionality
Water
assets
funding
Groundwater resources
Arid regions
Sanitation
resources
feedback mechanism

Keywords

  • Coupled human and natural systems
  • Kenya
  • Remote monitoring
  • Sensors
  • Water services

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Improved drought resilience through continuous water service monitoring and specialized institutions-A longitudinal analysis of water service delivery across motorized boreholes in Northern Kenya. / Turman-Bryant, Nick; Nagel, Corey; Stover, Lauren; Muragijimana, Christian; Thomas, Evan A.

In: Sustainability (Switzerland), Vol. 11, No. 11, 3046, 01.06.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{511391a278f04076b390e66a98230e23,
title = "Improved drought resilience through continuous water service monitoring and specialized institutions-A longitudinal analysis of water service delivery across motorized boreholes in Northern Kenya",
abstract = "Increasing frequency and severity of drought is driving increased use of groundwater resources in arid regions of Northern Kenya, where approximately 2.5 million people depend on groundwater for personal use, livestock, and limited irrigation. As part of a broader effort to provide more sustainable water, sanitation, and hygiene services in the region, we have collected data related to site functionality and use for approximately 120 motorized boreholes across five counties. Using a multilevel model to account for geospatial and temporal clustering, we found that borehole sites, which counties had identified as strategic assets during drought, ran on average about 1.31 h less per day compared to non-strategic borehole sites. As this finding was contrary to our hypothesis that strategic boreholes would exhibit greater use on average compared to non-strategic boreholes, we consider possible explanations for this discrepancy. We also use a coupled human and natural systems framework to explore how policies and program activities in a complex system depend on consistent and reliable feedback mechanisms. Funding was provided by the United States Agency for International Development. The views expressed in this article do not necessarily reflect the views of the United States Agency for International Development or the United States Government.",
keywords = "Coupled human and natural systems, Kenya, Remote monitoring, Sensors, Water services",
author = "Nick Turman-Bryant and Corey Nagel and Lauren Stover and Christian Muragijimana and Thomas, {Evan A.}",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3390/su11113046",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "11",
journal = "Sustainability",
issn = "2071-1050",
publisher = "MDPI AG",
number = "11",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Improved drought resilience through continuous water service monitoring and specialized institutions-A longitudinal analysis of water service delivery across motorized boreholes in Northern Kenya

AU - Turman-Bryant, Nick

AU - Nagel, Corey

AU - Stover, Lauren

AU - Muragijimana, Christian

AU - Thomas, Evan A.

PY - 2019/6/1

Y1 - 2019/6/1

N2 - Increasing frequency and severity of drought is driving increased use of groundwater resources in arid regions of Northern Kenya, where approximately 2.5 million people depend on groundwater for personal use, livestock, and limited irrigation. As part of a broader effort to provide more sustainable water, sanitation, and hygiene services in the region, we have collected data related to site functionality and use for approximately 120 motorized boreholes across five counties. Using a multilevel model to account for geospatial and temporal clustering, we found that borehole sites, which counties had identified as strategic assets during drought, ran on average about 1.31 h less per day compared to non-strategic borehole sites. As this finding was contrary to our hypothesis that strategic boreholes would exhibit greater use on average compared to non-strategic boreholes, we consider possible explanations for this discrepancy. We also use a coupled human and natural systems framework to explore how policies and program activities in a complex system depend on consistent and reliable feedback mechanisms. Funding was provided by the United States Agency for International Development. The views expressed in this article do not necessarily reflect the views of the United States Agency for International Development or the United States Government.

AB - Increasing frequency and severity of drought is driving increased use of groundwater resources in arid regions of Northern Kenya, where approximately 2.5 million people depend on groundwater for personal use, livestock, and limited irrigation. As part of a broader effort to provide more sustainable water, sanitation, and hygiene services in the region, we have collected data related to site functionality and use for approximately 120 motorized boreholes across five counties. Using a multilevel model to account for geospatial and temporal clustering, we found that borehole sites, which counties had identified as strategic assets during drought, ran on average about 1.31 h less per day compared to non-strategic borehole sites. As this finding was contrary to our hypothesis that strategic boreholes would exhibit greater use on average compared to non-strategic boreholes, we consider possible explanations for this discrepancy. We also use a coupled human and natural systems framework to explore how policies and program activities in a complex system depend on consistent and reliable feedback mechanisms. Funding was provided by the United States Agency for International Development. The views expressed in this article do not necessarily reflect the views of the United States Agency for International Development or the United States Government.

KW - Coupled human and natural systems

KW - Kenya

KW - Remote monitoring

KW - Sensors

KW - Water services

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85067244262&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85067244262&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/su11113046

DO - 10.3390/su11113046

M3 - Article

VL - 11

JO - Sustainability

JF - Sustainability

SN - 2071-1050

IS - 11

M1 - 3046

ER -