Background-Mitral valvular-ventricular continuity is important for left ventricular (LV) systolic function, but the specific contributions of the anterior leaflet second-order "strut" chordae are unknown. Methods and Results-Eight sheep had radiopaque markers implanted to silhouette the LV, annulus, and papillary muscles (PMs); 3 transmural bead columns were inserted into the mid-lateral wall between the PMs. The strut chordae were encircled with exteriorized wire snares. Three-dimensional marker images and hemodynamic data were acquired before and after chordal cutting. Preload recruitable stroke work (PRSW) and end-systolic elastance (Ees) were calculated to assess global LV systolic function (n = 7). Transmural strains were measured from bead displacements (n=4). Chordal cutting caused global LV dysfunction: E es (1.48∓1.12 versus 0.98±1.30 mm Hg/mL, P=0.04) and PRSW (69±16 versus 60±15 mm Hg, P=0.03) decreased. Although heart rate and time from ED to ES were unchanged, time of mid-ejection was delayed (125±18 versus 136±19 ms, P=001). Globally, the LV apex and posterior PM tip were displaced away from the fibrous annulus and LV base-apex length increased at end-diastole and end-systole (all +1 mm, P<0.05). Locally, subendocardial end-diastolic strains occurred: Longitudinal strain (E12) 0.030±0.013 and radial thickening (E33) 0.081±0.041 (both P<0.05 versus zero). Subendocardial systolic shear strains were also perturbed: Circumferential-longitudinal "micro- torsion" (E12) (0.099±0.035 versus 0.075±0.025) and circumferential radial shear (E13) (0.084±0.023 versus 0.039±0.008, both P<0.05). Conclusion-Cutting second-order chords altered LV geometry, remodeled the myocardium between the PMs, perturbed local systolic strain patterns affecting micro-torsion and wall-thickening, and caused global systolic dysfunction, demonstrating the importance of these chordae for LV structure and function.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Issue number||11 SUPPL.|
|State||Published - Sep 14 2004|
- Mitral valve
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)