Impact of transport to critical care medical centers on outcomes after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

Kentaro Kajino, Taku Iwami, Mohamud Daya, Tatsuya Nishiuchi, Yasuyuki Hayashi, Tetsuhisa Kitamura, Taro Irisawa, Tomohiko Sakai, Yasuyuki Kuwagata, Atushi Hiraide, Masashi Kishi, Shigeru Yamayoshi

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Abstract

Background: Post-resuscitation care has emerged as an important predictor of survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). In Japan, selected hospitals are certified as Critical Care Medical Centers (CCMCs) based on their ability and expertise. Hypothesis: Outcome after OHCA is better in patients transported to a CCMC compared a non-critical care hospital (NCCH). Materials and methods: Adults with OHCA of presumed cardiac etiology, treated by emergency medical services systems, and transported in Osaka from January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2007 were registered using a prospective Utstein style population cohort database. Primary outcome measure was 1 month neurologically favorable survival (CPC ≤ 2). Outcomes of patients transported to CCMC were compared with patients transported to NCCH using multiple logistic regressions and stratified on the basis of stratified field ROSC. Results: 10,383 cases were transported. Of these, 2881 were transported to CCMC and 7502 to NCCH. Neurologically favorable 1-month survival was greater in the CCMC group [6.7% versus 2.8%, P<0.001]. Among patients who were transported to hospital without field ROSC, neurologically favorable outcome was greater in the CCMC group than the NCCH group [1.7% versus 0.5%; adjusted odds ratio (OR), 3.39; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.17-5.29; P<0.001]. In the presence of field ROSC, survival was similar between the groups [43% versus 41%; adjusted OR, 1.09; 95% CI, 0.82-1.45; P=0.554]. Conclusions: Survival after OHCA of presumed cardiac etiology transported to CCMCs was better than those transported to NCCHs. For OHCA patients without field ROSC, transport to a CCMC was an independent predictor for a good neurological outcome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)549-554
Number of pages6
JournalResuscitation
Volume81
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2010

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Keywords

  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
  • Emergency medical services (EMS)
  • Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA)
  • Post-resuscitation care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Emergency
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Kajino, K., Iwami, T., Daya, M., Nishiuchi, T., Hayashi, Y., Kitamura, T., Irisawa, T., Sakai, T., Kuwagata, Y., Hiraide, A., Kishi, M., & Yamayoshi, S. (2010). Impact of transport to critical care medical centers on outcomes after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Resuscitation, 81(5), 549-554. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2010.02.008