Impact of diagnosis of von Willebrand disease on patient outcomes: Analysis of medical insurance claims data

R. F. Sidonio, Kristina Haley, D. Fallaize

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The inherited bleeding disorder von Willebrand disease (VWD) is challenging to diagnose owing to disease heterogeneity, lack of a definitive laboratory test and variations in diagnostic criteria. We evaluated the impact of diagnosis and diagnostic delay on patient outcomes. The PharMetrics Plus Database was interrogated for medical claims for VWD (ICD-9 286.4) and bleeding events between 1 January 2006 and 30 June 2015. Longitudinal analysis was performed of patients newly diagnosed with VWD (≥9 months' continuous enrolment before first VWD claim) through 24 months following diagnosis. In total, 32 028 diagnosed, including 18 182 newly diagnosed, patients were identified. Most patients (72%) were female. Prediagnosis, bleeding symptoms were most commonly managed by a hospitalist/emergency room physician. Misrecognition of VWD was common, with 25% of patients visiting the same specialist type at least twice for an episodic bleed before diagnosis. Thirty-seven percentage of patients had no diagnostic laboratory test within 24 months of their initial diagnostic claim. Bleed claims reduced following diagnosis: 41% and 26% of female and male patients, respectively, had claims in the year prediagnosis, falling to 21% and 9% of patients at 1-2 years postdiagnosis. The proportion of patients with multiple bleed claims also decreased, from 17% to 6% (females) and 7% to 3% (males). Serially misrecognized patients continued to have more bleeding episodes than other patients, although bleed frequency was lower than before diagnosis. There is a need for improved patient management from bleeding presentation onward to reduce the time to VWD diagnosis and to enhance patient outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalHaemophilia
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2017

Keywords

  • Healthcare utilization
  • Medical claims
  • Outcomes research
  • Von Willebrand disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Genetics(clinical)

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