Impact of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Severity on Long-term Events in United States Veterans Using the Veterans Affairs Severity Index for COVID-19 (VASIC)

Ashley Galloway, Yojin Park, Vidisha Tanukonda, Yuk Lam Ho, Xuan Mai T. Nguyen, Monika Maripuri, Andrew T. Dey, Hanna Gerlovin, Daniel Posner, Kristine E. Lynch, Tianxi Cai, Shiuh Wen Luoh, Stacey Whitbourne, David R. Gagnon, Sumitra Muralidhar, Phillip S. Tsao, Juan P. Casas, J. Michael Gaziano, Peter W.F. Wilson, Adriana M. HungKelly Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this retrospective cohort study of 94 595 severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2-positive cases, we developed and validated an algorithm to assess the association between coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) severity and long-term complications (stroke, myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism/deep vein thrombosis, heart failure, and mortality). COVID-19 severity was associated with a greater risk of experiencing a long-term complication 31-120 days postinfection. Most incident events occurred 31-60 days postinfection and diminished after day 91, except heart failure for severe patients and death for moderate patients, which peaked on days 91-120. Understanding the differential impact of COVID-19 severity on long-term events provides insight into possible intervention modalities and critical prevention strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2113-2117
Number of pages5
JournalThe Journal of infectious diseases
Volume226
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 13 2022

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • EHR
  • electronic health records
  • epidemiology
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Veterans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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