Impact of AAO-HNS Guideline on Obtaining Polysomnography Prior to Tonsillectomy for Pediatric Sleep-Disordered Breathing

Grace L. Banik, Rebecca M. Empey, Derek J. Lam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To assess the impact of the 2011 American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) guideline on practice patterns in obtaining preadenotonsillectomy (AT) polysomnography (PSG) for pediatric sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Tertiary children’s hospital. Subject and Methods: The study population included all patients referred to our pediatric otolaryngology clinic for consideration of AT for SDB during two 12-month time periods: before (2010-2011) and after (2015-2016) publication of the 2011 AAO-HNS guideline. Demographic, insurance, comorbidity, and Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ) variables were assessed for association with pre-AT PSG using bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results: A greater percentage of patients underwent pre-AT PSG in 2015-2016 vs 2010-2011 (30% vs 22%, P =.001). On multivariate analysis, presence of neuromuscular disorder was the only predictor associated with pre-AT PSG in 2010 to 2011 (odds ratio [OR], 3.00; 95% CI, 1.10, 8.06; P =.03). Presence of neuromuscular disorder (OR, 2.54; 95% CI, 1.51, 4.29; P <.0001), craniofacial anomaly (OR, 2.32; 95% CI, 1.20, 4.50; P =.013), or Down syndrome (OR, 3.45; 95% CI, 1.54, 7.72; P =.003) was associated with pre-AT PSG in 2015 to 2016. Positive PSQ screen was significantly associated with decreased odds of pre-AT PSG in both time periods. Conclusion: After publication of the 2011 AAO-HNS guideline, there was a significant but modest increase in pre-AT PSG utilization in children with SDB and high-risk comorbidities at our institution, consistent with AAO-HNS guideline recommendations. However, overall guideline adherence remains low and may reflect limitations in PSG testing capacity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States)
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • adenotonsillectomy
  • guideline
  • obstructive sleep apnea
  • pediatric
  • polysomnography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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