Impact of a decision aid on reducing uncertainty: Pilot study of women in their 40s and screening mammography Clinical decision-making, knowledge support systems, and theory

Paula Scariati, Lisa Nelson, Lindsey Watson, Stephen Bedrick, Karen B. Eden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: In 2009 the United States Preventive Services Task Force updated its breast cancer screening guidelines to recommend that average-risk women obtain a screening mammogram every two years starting at age 50 instead of annually starting at age 40. Inconsistencies in data regarding the benefit versus risk of routine screening for women less than 50-years-of-age led to a second recommendation - that women in their forties engage in a shared decision making process with their provider to make an individualized choice about screening mammography that was right for them. In response, a web-based interactive mammography screening decision aid was developed and evaluated. Methods: The decision aid was developed using an agile, iterative process. It was further honed based on feedback from clinical and technical subject matter experts. A convenience sample of 51 age- and risk-appropriate women was recruited to pilot the aid. Pre-post decisional conflict and screening choice was assessed. Results: Women reported a significant reduction in overall decisional conflict after using the decision aid (Z = -5.3, p < 0.001). These participants also reported statistically significant reductions in each of the decisional conflict subscales: feeling uncertain (Z = -4.7, p < 0.001), feeling uninformed (Z = -5.2, p < 0.001), feeling unclear about values (Z = -5.0, p < 0.001), and feeling unsupported (Z = -4.0, p < 0.001). However, a woman's intention to obtain a screening mammogram in the next 1-2 years was not significantly changed (Wilcoxon signed-rank Z = -1.508, p = 0.132). Conclusion: This mammography screening decision aid brings value to patient care not by impacting what a woman chooses but by lending clarity to why or how she chooses it.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number89
JournalBMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 10 2015

Keywords

  • Cancer prevention
  • Decision aid
  • Decision support techniques
  • Mammography
  • Patient preferences
  • Screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Health Informatics

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