Impact of a Clostridioides Difficile Testing Computerized Clinical Decision Support Tool on an Adult Stem Cell Transplantation and Hematologic Malignancies Unit

Chad D. Nix, William B. Messer, Molly L. Hale, James S. Lewis, Lynne M. Strasfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Clostridioides difficile infection rates are higher in hospitalized hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipients and patients with hematologic malignancy (HM) compared with the general population. This is related both to extensive exposure to antibiotics as well as to frequent and often prolonged hospitalization. In this population, with numerous potential causes of diarrhea, a subset of C difficile detected is presumed to represent colonization rather than clinical infection. The use of decision support tools to guide ordering in hospitalized patients has been reported to decrease both C difficile testing and detection rates. Following implementation of a computerized decision support tool on our HSCT/HM unit, we observed a >2-fold decrease in C difficile testing volume and National Healthcare Safety Network-defined laboratory identifications of C difficile. Furthermore, the rate of oral vancomycin use, as well as the incidence of vancomycin-resistant enterococci colonization and bloodstream infection, decreased in the postintervention period.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalBiology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • CDI
  • Clostridioides difficile
  • Computerized clinical decision support
  • Diagnostic stewardship
  • Vancomycin
  • Vancomycin-resistant enterococcus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Transplantation

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