Introduction: Medication adherence is essential in HIV care, yet provider communication about adherence is often suboptimal. We designed this study to improve patient-provider communication about HIV medication adherence. Methods: We randomized 26 providers at three HIV care sites to receive or not receive a one-hour communication skills training based on motivational interviewing principles applied to medication adherence. Prior to routine office visits, non-adherent patients of providers who received the training were coached to discuss adherence with their providers. Patients of providers who did not receive the training providers were not coached. We audio-recorded and coded patient-provider interactions using the roter interaction analysis system (RIAS). Results: There was more dialogue about therapeutic regimen in visits with intervention patients and providers (167 vs 128, respectively, p=. .004), with the majority of statements coming from providers. These visits also included more brainstorming solutions to nonadherence (41% vs. 22%, p=. 0.026). Intervention compared with control visit providers engaged in more positive talk (44 vs. 38 statements, p=. 0.039), emotional talk (26 vs. 18 statements, p<. 0.001), and probing of patient opinion (3 vs. 2 statements, p=. 0.009). Conclusion: A brief provider training combined with patient coaching sessions, improved provider communication behaviors and increased dialogue regarding medication adherence.
- Communication skills training
- Medication adherence
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