Purpose: To evaluate the effect of rituximab monoclonal antibody (mAb) on MRI tumor volumetrics and efficacy in a rat model of central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma when delivery to the brain was optimized with osmotic blood-brain barrier disruption (BBBD). Experimental Design: Female nude rats with intracerebral MC116 human B-cell lymphoma xenografts underwent baseline MRI and were randomized into 5 groups (n = 6 per group): (i) BBBD saline control; (ii) methotrexate with BBBD; (iii) rituximab with BBBD; (iv) rituximab and methotrexate with BBBD; and (v) intravenous rituximab. Tumor volumes were assessed by MRI at 1 week, and rats were followed for survival. Results: BBBD increased delivery of yttrium-90-radiolabeled mAb in the model of CNS lymphoma. Control rats showed 201 ± 102% increase in tumor volume on MRI 1 week after entering the study and median 14-day survival (range: 6-33). Tumor growth on MRI was slowed in the methotrexate treatment group, but survival time (median: 7 days; range: 5-12) was not different from controls. Among 17 evaluable rats treated with rituximab, 10 showed decreased tumor volume on MRI. All rituximab groups had increased survival compared with control, with a combined median of 43 days (range: 20-60, P < 0.001). There were no differences by route of delivery or combination with methotrexate. Conclusions: Rituximab was effective at decreasing tumor volume and improving survival in a model of CNS lymphoma and was not affected by combination with methotrexate or by BBBD. We suggest that rituximab warrants further study in human primary CNS lymphoma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research