Identifying neurobiological phenotypes associated with alcohol use disorder severity

Eric D. Claus, Sarah W.Feldstein Ewing, Francesca M. Filbey, Amithrupa Sabbineni, Kent E. Hutchison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

118 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although numerous studies provide general support for the importance of genetic factors in the risk for alcohol use disorders (AUDs), candidate gene and genome-wide studies have yet to identify a set of genetic variations that explain a significant portion of the variance in AUDs. One reason is that alcohol-related phenotypes used in genetic studies are typically based on highly heterogeneous diagnostic categories. Therefore, identifying neurobiological phenotypes related to neuroadaptations that drive the development of AUDs is critical for the future success of genetic and epigenetic studies. One such neurobiological phenotype is the degree to which exposure to alcohol taste cues recruits the basal ganglia, prefrontal cortex, and motor areas, all of which have been shown to have a critical role in addictive behaviors in animal studies. To that end, this study was designed to examine whether cue-elicited responses of these structures are associated with AUD severity in a large sample (n326) using voxelwise and functional connectivity measures. Results suggested that alcohol cues significantly activated dorsal striatum, insula/orbitofrontal cortex, anterior cingulate cortex, and ventral tegmental area. AUD severity was moderately correlated with regions involved in incentive salience such as the nucleus accumbens and amygdala, and stronger relationships with precuneus, insula, and dorsal striatum. The findings indicate that AUDs are related to neuroadaptations in these regions and that these measures may represent important neurobiological phenotypes for subsequent genetic studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2086-2096
Number of pages11
JournalNeuropsychopharmacology
Volume36
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2011

Keywords

  • alcohol use disorder
  • anterior cingulate cortex
  • craving
  • phenotype
  • striatum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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