Identifying infants and young children with developmental disorders in the medical home: An algorithm for developmental surveillance and screening

John C. Duby, Paul H. Lipkin, Michelle M. Macias, Lynn M. Wegner, Paula Duncan, Joseph F. Hagan, W. Carl Cooley, Nancy Swigonski, Paul G. Biondich, Donald Lollar, Jill Ackermann, Amy Brin, Mary Crane, Amy Gibson, Stephanie Mucha Skipper, Darcy Steinberg-Hastings, Melissa Capers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1023 Scopus citations


Early identification of developmental disorders is critical to the well-being of children and their families. It is an integral function of the primary care medical home and an appropriate responsibility of all pediatric health care professionals. This statement provides an algorithm as a strategy to support health care professionals in developing a pattern and practice for addressing developmental concerns in children from birth through 3 years of age. The authors recommend that developmental surveillance be incorporated at every well-child preventive care visit. Any concerns raised during surveillance should be promptly addressed with standardized developmental screening tests. In addition, screening tests should be administered regularly at the 9-, 18-, and 30-month visits. (Because the 30-month visit is not yet a part of the preventive care system and is often not reimbursable by third-party payers at this time, developmental screening can be performed at 24 months of age. In addition, because the frequency of regular pediatric visits decreases after 24 months of age, a pediatrician who expects that his or her patients will have difficulty attending a 30-month visit should conduct screening during the 24-month visit.) The early identification of developmental problems should lead to further developmental and medical evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment, including early developmental intervention. Children diagnosed with developmental disorders should be identified as children with special health care needs, and chronic-condition management should be initiated. Identification of a developmental disorder and its underlying etiology may also drive a range of treatment planning, from medical treatment of the child to family planning for his or her parents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)405-420
Number of pages16
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Children with special health care needs
  • Development
  • Developmental disorders
  • Developmental screening
  • Disabilities
  • Early intervention
  • Medical home

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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