Cyanide has been investigated as a potential ligand-directed probe of the coordination chemistry of Cu(II) and Cu(I) active sites via vibrational spectroscopic studies of CN-coordinated to the metal centers in non-blue copper proteins. Native superoxide dismutase (SOD) was found to bind one CN-that had IR and Raman frequencies at 2137 cm-1. The assignment of this band was confirmed by using13CN-, which gave the theoretically expected isotope shift, and by comparison with an inorganic model complex, [Cu(PMAS)]2+, which was found to form a monocyano complex with vCN= 2125 cm-1. Ultrafiltration experiments definitively identified the 2137-cm-1band as vCNof a protein-bound species. These results are consistent with a linear end-on-bonded CN-on Cu(II)-SOD as proposed from earlier EPR and EXAFS experiments. Replacing H2O in the medium by D2O gave no isotope shift of the 2137-cm-1band, indicating that CN-is most likely not involved in hydrogen-bonding interactions in the active-site cavity. With increasing concentrations of cyanide, the 2137-cm-1band became weaker and was accompanied by the appearance of strong vibrational modes characteristic of di-, tri-, and tetracyano Cu(I) complexes arising from Cu removal from the protein. These studies demonstrate the potential importance of cyanides (and isocyanides) as ligand-directed vibrational spectroscopic probes of non-blue copper proteins.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry