Identification of sequences required for inhibition of oncogene-mediated transformation by pp32

Jonathan R. Brody, Shrihari S. Kadkol, Moushira A. Mahmoud, Johanna M.J. Rebel, Gary R. Pasternack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Oncogenic potential in prostate cancer is modulated in part by alternative use of genes of the pp32 family. This family includes the tumor suppressor pp32, expressed in normal tissue, and the pro-oncogenic genes pp32r1 and pp32r2 that are found principally in neoplastic cells. At the protein level, pp32, pp32r1, and pp32r2 are approximately 90% identical, yet they subsume opposite functions. In this study, we identify the region of pp32 associated with the ability to inhibit oncogene-mediated transformation in a rat embryo fibroblast system, an in vitro correlate of tumor-suppressive activity. Deletion and truncation analysis define a region spanning pp32 amino acids 150-174 as absolutely required for inhibition of transformed foci elicited by RAS and MYC. Comparison of pp32 with the pp32r1 sequence by moving averages of sequence identity reveals divergence over this region; pp32r2 also differs in this region through truncation after pp32 amino acid 131. The deletion experiments and the experiments of nature therefore converge to demonstrate that tumor-suppressive functions of pp32 reside in amino acids 150-174. Identification of this minimal tumor-suppressive region should help elaborate the pathways and mechanisms through which pp32 family members exert their functions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20053-20055
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume274
Issue number29
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 16 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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