Identification of P-450ALC in microsomes from alcohol dehydrogenase-deficient deermice: Contribution to ethanol elimination in vivo

Jeffrey A. Handler, Dennis Koop, Minor J. Coon, Yoshiyuki Takei, Ronald G. Thurman

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Abstract

Isozyme 3a of rabbit hepatic cytochrome P-450, also termed P-450ALC, was previously isolated and characterized and was shown to be induced 3- to 5-fold by exposure to ethanol. In the present study, antibody against rabbit P-450ALC was used to identify a homologous protein in alcohol dehydrogenase-negative (ADH-) and -positive (ADH+) deermice, Peromyscus maniculatus. The antibody reacts with a single protein having an apparent molecular weight of 52,000 on immunoblots of hepatic microsomes from untreated and ethanol-treated deermice from both strains. The level of the homologous protein was about 2-fold greater in microsomes from naive ADH- than from naive ADH+ animals. Ethanol treatment induced the protein about 3-fold in the ADH+ strain and about 4-fold in the ADH- strain. The antibody to rabbit P-450ALC inhibited the microsomal metabolism of ethanol and aniline. The homologous protein, termed deermouse P-450ALC, catalyzed from 70 to 80% of the oxidation of ethanol and about 90% of the hydroxylation of aniline by microsomes from both strains after ethanol treatment. The antibody-inhibited portion of the microsomal activities, which are attributable to the P-450ALC homolog, increased about 3-fold upon ethanol treatment in the ADH+ strain and about 4-fold in the ADH- strain, in excellent agreement with the results from immunoblots. The total microsomal P-450 content and the rate of ethanol oxidation were induced 1.4-fold and 2.2-fold, respectively, by ethanol in the ADH+ strain and 1.9-fold and 3.3-fold, respectively, in the ADH- strain. Thus, the total microsomal P-450 content and ethanol oxidation underestimate the induction of the P-450ALC homolog in both strains. A comparison of the rates of microsomal ethanol oxidation in vitro with rates of ethanol elimination in vivo indicates that deermouse P-450ALC could account optimally for 3 and 8% of total ethanol elimination in naive ADH+ and ADH- strains, respectively. After chronic ethanol treatment, P-450ALC could account maximally for 8% of the total ethanol elimination in the ADH+ strain and 22% in the ADH- strain. Further, cytochrome P-450ALC appears to be responsible for about one-half of the increase in the rate of ethanol elimination in vivo after chronic treatment with ethanol. These results indicate that the contribution of P-450ALC to ethanol oxidation in the deermouse is relatively small. Desferrioxamine had no effect on rates of ethanol uptake by perfused livers from ADH-negative deermice, indicating that ethanol oxidation by a hydroxyl radical-mediated mechanism was not involved in ethanol metabolism in this mutant. Peroxisomal β-oxidation capacity was increased 40% over control values by ethanol treatment, consistent with the hypothesis that the increase in ethanol elimination in the ADH-negative deermouse is mediated predominantly via catalase-H2O2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)114-124
Number of pages11
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume264
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes

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Alcohol Dehydrogenase
Microsomes
Ethanol
Oxidation
Antibodies
Rabbits
Proteins
Metabolism
Liver
Peromyscus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Identification of P-450ALC in microsomes from alcohol dehydrogenase-deficient deermice : Contribution to ethanol elimination in vivo. / Handler, Jeffrey A.; Koop, Dennis; Coon, Minor J.; Takei, Yoshiyuki; Thurman, Ronald G.

In: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Vol. 264, No. 1, 1988, p. 114-124.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Identification of P-450ALC in microsomes from alcohol dehydrogenase-deficient deermice: Contribution to ethanol elimination in vivo",
abstract = "Isozyme 3a of rabbit hepatic cytochrome P-450, also termed P-450ALC, was previously isolated and characterized and was shown to be induced 3- to 5-fold by exposure to ethanol. In the present study, antibody against rabbit P-450ALC was used to identify a homologous protein in alcohol dehydrogenase-negative (ADH-) and -positive (ADH+) deermice, Peromyscus maniculatus. The antibody reacts with a single protein having an apparent molecular weight of 52,000 on immunoblots of hepatic microsomes from untreated and ethanol-treated deermice from both strains. The level of the homologous protein was about 2-fold greater in microsomes from naive ADH- than from naive ADH+ animals. Ethanol treatment induced the protein about 3-fold in the ADH+ strain and about 4-fold in the ADH- strain. The antibody to rabbit P-450ALC inhibited the microsomal metabolism of ethanol and aniline. The homologous protein, termed deermouse P-450ALC, catalyzed from 70 to 80{\%} of the oxidation of ethanol and about 90{\%} of the hydroxylation of aniline by microsomes from both strains after ethanol treatment. The antibody-inhibited portion of the microsomal activities, which are attributable to the P-450ALC homolog, increased about 3-fold upon ethanol treatment in the ADH+ strain and about 4-fold in the ADH- strain, in excellent agreement with the results from immunoblots. The total microsomal P-450 content and the rate of ethanol oxidation were induced 1.4-fold and 2.2-fold, respectively, by ethanol in the ADH+ strain and 1.9-fold and 3.3-fold, respectively, in the ADH- strain. Thus, the total microsomal P-450 content and ethanol oxidation underestimate the induction of the P-450ALC homolog in both strains. A comparison of the rates of microsomal ethanol oxidation in vitro with rates of ethanol elimination in vivo indicates that deermouse P-450ALC could account optimally for 3 and 8{\%} of total ethanol elimination in naive ADH+ and ADH- strains, respectively. After chronic ethanol treatment, P-450ALC could account maximally for 8{\%} of the total ethanol elimination in the ADH+ strain and 22{\%} in the ADH- strain. Further, cytochrome P-450ALC appears to be responsible for about one-half of the increase in the rate of ethanol elimination in vivo after chronic treatment with ethanol. These results indicate that the contribution of P-450ALC to ethanol oxidation in the deermouse is relatively small. Desferrioxamine had no effect on rates of ethanol uptake by perfused livers from ADH-negative deermice, indicating that ethanol oxidation by a hydroxyl radical-mediated mechanism was not involved in ethanol metabolism in this mutant. Peroxisomal β-oxidation capacity was increased 40{\%} over control values by ethanol treatment, consistent with the hypothesis that the increase in ethanol elimination in the ADH-negative deermouse is mediated predominantly via catalase-H2O2.",
author = "Handler, {Jeffrey A.} and Dennis Koop and Coon, {Minor J.} and Yoshiyuki Takei and Thurman, {Ronald G.}",
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T1 - Identification of P-450ALC in microsomes from alcohol dehydrogenase-deficient deermice

T2 - Contribution to ethanol elimination in vivo

AU - Handler, Jeffrey A.

AU - Koop, Dennis

AU - Coon, Minor J.

AU - Takei, Yoshiyuki

AU - Thurman, Ronald G.

PY - 1988

Y1 - 1988

N2 - Isozyme 3a of rabbit hepatic cytochrome P-450, also termed P-450ALC, was previously isolated and characterized and was shown to be induced 3- to 5-fold by exposure to ethanol. In the present study, antibody against rabbit P-450ALC was used to identify a homologous protein in alcohol dehydrogenase-negative (ADH-) and -positive (ADH+) deermice, Peromyscus maniculatus. The antibody reacts with a single protein having an apparent molecular weight of 52,000 on immunoblots of hepatic microsomes from untreated and ethanol-treated deermice from both strains. The level of the homologous protein was about 2-fold greater in microsomes from naive ADH- than from naive ADH+ animals. Ethanol treatment induced the protein about 3-fold in the ADH+ strain and about 4-fold in the ADH- strain. The antibody to rabbit P-450ALC inhibited the microsomal metabolism of ethanol and aniline. The homologous protein, termed deermouse P-450ALC, catalyzed from 70 to 80% of the oxidation of ethanol and about 90% of the hydroxylation of aniline by microsomes from both strains after ethanol treatment. The antibody-inhibited portion of the microsomal activities, which are attributable to the P-450ALC homolog, increased about 3-fold upon ethanol treatment in the ADH+ strain and about 4-fold in the ADH- strain, in excellent agreement with the results from immunoblots. The total microsomal P-450 content and the rate of ethanol oxidation were induced 1.4-fold and 2.2-fold, respectively, by ethanol in the ADH+ strain and 1.9-fold and 3.3-fold, respectively, in the ADH- strain. Thus, the total microsomal P-450 content and ethanol oxidation underestimate the induction of the P-450ALC homolog in both strains. A comparison of the rates of microsomal ethanol oxidation in vitro with rates of ethanol elimination in vivo indicates that deermouse P-450ALC could account optimally for 3 and 8% of total ethanol elimination in naive ADH+ and ADH- strains, respectively. After chronic ethanol treatment, P-450ALC could account maximally for 8% of the total ethanol elimination in the ADH+ strain and 22% in the ADH- strain. Further, cytochrome P-450ALC appears to be responsible for about one-half of the increase in the rate of ethanol elimination in vivo after chronic treatment with ethanol. These results indicate that the contribution of P-450ALC to ethanol oxidation in the deermouse is relatively small. Desferrioxamine had no effect on rates of ethanol uptake by perfused livers from ADH-negative deermice, indicating that ethanol oxidation by a hydroxyl radical-mediated mechanism was not involved in ethanol metabolism in this mutant. Peroxisomal β-oxidation capacity was increased 40% over control values by ethanol treatment, consistent with the hypothesis that the increase in ethanol elimination in the ADH-negative deermouse is mediated predominantly via catalase-H2O2.

AB - Isozyme 3a of rabbit hepatic cytochrome P-450, also termed P-450ALC, was previously isolated and characterized and was shown to be induced 3- to 5-fold by exposure to ethanol. In the present study, antibody against rabbit P-450ALC was used to identify a homologous protein in alcohol dehydrogenase-negative (ADH-) and -positive (ADH+) deermice, Peromyscus maniculatus. The antibody reacts with a single protein having an apparent molecular weight of 52,000 on immunoblots of hepatic microsomes from untreated and ethanol-treated deermice from both strains. The level of the homologous protein was about 2-fold greater in microsomes from naive ADH- than from naive ADH+ animals. Ethanol treatment induced the protein about 3-fold in the ADH+ strain and about 4-fold in the ADH- strain. The antibody to rabbit P-450ALC inhibited the microsomal metabolism of ethanol and aniline. The homologous protein, termed deermouse P-450ALC, catalyzed from 70 to 80% of the oxidation of ethanol and about 90% of the hydroxylation of aniline by microsomes from both strains after ethanol treatment. The antibody-inhibited portion of the microsomal activities, which are attributable to the P-450ALC homolog, increased about 3-fold upon ethanol treatment in the ADH+ strain and about 4-fold in the ADH- strain, in excellent agreement with the results from immunoblots. The total microsomal P-450 content and the rate of ethanol oxidation were induced 1.4-fold and 2.2-fold, respectively, by ethanol in the ADH+ strain and 1.9-fold and 3.3-fold, respectively, in the ADH- strain. Thus, the total microsomal P-450 content and ethanol oxidation underestimate the induction of the P-450ALC homolog in both strains. A comparison of the rates of microsomal ethanol oxidation in vitro with rates of ethanol elimination in vivo indicates that deermouse P-450ALC could account optimally for 3 and 8% of total ethanol elimination in naive ADH+ and ADH- strains, respectively. After chronic ethanol treatment, P-450ALC could account maximally for 8% of the total ethanol elimination in the ADH+ strain and 22% in the ADH- strain. Further, cytochrome P-450ALC appears to be responsible for about one-half of the increase in the rate of ethanol elimination in vivo after chronic treatment with ethanol. These results indicate that the contribution of P-450ALC to ethanol oxidation in the deermouse is relatively small. Desferrioxamine had no effect on rates of ethanol uptake by perfused livers from ADH-negative deermice, indicating that ethanol oxidation by a hydroxyl radical-mediated mechanism was not involved in ethanol metabolism in this mutant. Peroxisomal β-oxidation capacity was increased 40% over control values by ethanol treatment, consistent with the hypothesis that the increase in ethanol elimination in the ADH-negative deermouse is mediated predominantly via catalase-H2O2.

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