The viral cytopathic effects of cytomegalovirus (CMV) are rarely encountered in conventional cervical vaginal smears and have never been reported in a liquid-based gynecologic sample (Sure-Path). We present results of a liquid-based gynecologic sample (SurePath) from an asymptomatic patient with classic CMV-associated granular or dense cyanophilic intracytoplasmic and intranuclear inclusion bodies with a clear surrounding zone. These inclusions were immunohistochemically positive for CMV. The patient also had human papilloma virus (HPV)-associated koilocytes that showed a unique perinuclear immunostaining pattern suggesting coinfection with both CMV and HPV. CMV amplification using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of DNA extracted from the liquid-based sample confirmed the morphologic and immunohistochemical findings of CMV infection. These observations suggest that a liquid-based preparation can be used to assess CMV infection morphologically, immunohistochemically, and by real-time PCR.
- Liquid-based cytology
- Polymerase chain reaction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine