Identification of cellular genes targeted by KSHV-encoded microRNAs.

Mark A. Samols, Rebecca Skalsky, Ann M. Maldonado, Alberto Riva, M. Cecilia Lopez, Henry V. Baker, Rolf Renne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

219 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are 19 to 23 nucleotide-long RNAs that post-transcriptionally regulate gene expression. Human cells express several hundred miRNAs which regulate important biological pathways such as development, proliferation, and apoptosis. Recently, 12 miRNA genes have been identified within the genome of Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus; however, their functions are still unknown. To identify host cellular genes that may be targeted by these novel viral regulators, we performed gene expression profiling in cells stably expressing KSHV-encoded miRNAs. Data analysis revealed a set of 81 genes whose expression was significantly changed in the presence of miRNAs. While the majority of changes were below 2-fold, eight genes were down-regulated between 4- and 20-fold. We confirmed miRNA-dependent regulation for three of these genes and found that protein levels of thrombospondin 1 (THBS1) were decreased >10-fold. THBS1 has previously been reported to be down-regulated in Kaposi sarcoma lesions and has known activity as a strong tumor suppressor and anti-angiogenic factor, exerting its anti-angiogenic effect in part by activating the latent form of TGF-beta. We show that reduced THBS1 expression in the presence of viral miRNAs translates into decreased TGF-beta activity. These data suggest that KSHV-encoded miRNAs may contribute directly to pathogenesis by down-regulation of THBS1, a major regulator of cell adhesion, migration, and angiogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPLoS Pathogens
Volume3
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 11 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Human Herpesvirus 8
MicroRNAs
Thrombospondin 1
Genes
Transforming Growth Factor beta
Gene Expression
Angiogenesis Inducing Agents
Kaposi's Sarcoma
Gene Expression Profiling
Regulator Genes
Cell Adhesion
Cell Movement
Down-Regulation
Nucleotides
Genome
RNA
Apoptosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Parasitology
  • Virology
  • Immunology
  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Samols, M. A., Skalsky, R., Maldonado, A. M., Riva, A., Lopez, M. C., Baker, H. V., & Renne, R. (2007). Identification of cellular genes targeted by KSHV-encoded microRNAs. PLoS Pathogens, 3(5). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.0030065

Identification of cellular genes targeted by KSHV-encoded microRNAs. / Samols, Mark A.; Skalsky, Rebecca; Maldonado, Ann M.; Riva, Alberto; Lopez, M. Cecilia; Baker, Henry V.; Renne, Rolf.

In: PLoS Pathogens, Vol. 3, No. 5, 11.05.2007.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Samols, MA, Skalsky, R, Maldonado, AM, Riva, A, Lopez, MC, Baker, HV & Renne, R 2007, 'Identification of cellular genes targeted by KSHV-encoded microRNAs.', PLoS Pathogens, vol. 3, no. 5. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.0030065
Samols, Mark A. ; Skalsky, Rebecca ; Maldonado, Ann M. ; Riva, Alberto ; Lopez, M. Cecilia ; Baker, Henry V. ; Renne, Rolf. / Identification of cellular genes targeted by KSHV-encoded microRNAs. In: PLoS Pathogens. 2007 ; Vol. 3, No. 5.
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