Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a bioactive lysophospholipid mediator that acts through G protein-coupled receptors. Most cell lines in culture express one or more LPA receptors, making it difficult to assign a response to specific LPA receptors. Dissection of the signaling properties of LPA has been hampered by lack of LPA receptor subtype-specific agonists and antagonists. The present study characterizes an ester-linked thiophosphate derivative (1-oleoyl-2-O-methyl-rac-glycerophosphothionate, OMPT) of LPA. OMPT is a functional LPA analogue with potent mitogenic activity in fibroblasts. In contrast to LPA, OMPT does not couple to the pheromone response through the LPA1 receptor in yeast cells. OMPT induces intracellular calcium increases efficiently in LPA3 receptor-expressing Sf9 cells but poorly in LPA2 receptor-expressing cells. Guanosine 5′-O-(3-[35S]thio)triphosphate binding assays in mammalian cells showed that LPA exhibits agonistic activity on all three LPA receptor subtypes, whereas OMPT has a potent agonistic effect only on the LPA3 receptor. In transiently transfected HEK293 cells, OMPT stimulates mitogen-activated protein kinases through the LPA3 but not the LPA1 or LPA2 receptors. Furthermore, OMPT-induced intracellular calcium mobilization in mammalian cells is efficiently inhibited by the LPA1/LPA3 receptor-selective antagonist VPC12249. These results establish that OMPT is an LPA3-selective agonist. OMPT binding to the LPA3 receptor in mammalian cells is sufficient to elicit multiple responses, including activation of G proteins, calcium mobilization, and activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases. Thus OMPT offers a powerful probe for the dissection of LPA signaling events in complex mammalian systems.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Apr 4 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology