“I did not plan … that is what hurts”: Pregnancy intentions and contraceptive use among pregnant young women in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Jessica N. Coleman, Cecilia Milford, Nzwakie Mosery, Karmel W. Choi, Letitia Rambally Greener, Lynn T. Matthews, Abigail Harrison, David R. Bangsberg, Steven A. Safren, Jennifer A. Smit, Christina Psaros

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Unintended pregnancy impacts many young women in South Africa, and rates of consistent contraceptive use among this population are suboptimal. Limited empirical work has investigated reasons for inconsistency between pregnancy intention and contraceptive use behaviour with data collected during pregnancy. We explored pregnancy intentions and discordance between intentions and contraceptive use prior to conception among young pregnant women in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with 35 women during pregnancy (mean age = 19.3; range = 18–21) in 2011 and 2012. Data were analysed using content analysis. All participants reported unintended pregnancies; almost half were not using contraception near conception. Reasons for not intending to become pregnant spanned personal, social, health, and economic domains. Participants living with HIV (n = 13) expressed specific concerns related to impacts of pregnancy on HIV disease management and fear of transmission of HIV to the infant. Discordance between pregnancy intentions and contraceptive use prior to conception was attributed to personal, social, health and structural domains. Findings indicate a need for interventions that address barriers to contraceptive use in order to minimise unintended pregnancy and support safe, desired pregnancies among young women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)149-157
Number of pages9
JournalAfrican Journal of AIDS Research
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • HIV/AIDS
  • contraception
  • pregnancy intention
  • reproductive health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology

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