Hypoxic activation of arterial chemoreceptors inhibits sympathetic outflow to brown adipose tissue in rats

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Abstract

In urethane-chloralose anaesthetized, neuromuscularly blocked, artificially ventilated rats, we demonstrated that activation of carotid chemoreceptors inhibits the elevated levels of brown adipose tissue (BAT) sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) evoked by hypothermia, by micro-injection of prostaglandin E2 into the medial preoptic area or by disinhibition of neurones in the raphe pallidus area (RPa). Peripheral chemoreceptor stimulation with systemic administration of NaCN (50 μg in 0.1 ml) or with hypoxic ventilation (8% O2-92% N2, 30 s) completely inhibited BAT SNA. Arterial chemoreceptor-evoked inhibition of BAT SNA was eliminated by prior bilateral transections of the carotid sinus nerves or by prior inhibition of neurones within the commissural nucleus tractus solitarii (commNTS) with glycine (40 nmol/80 nl) or with the GABAA receptor agonist muscimol (160 pmol/80 nl; 77 ± 10% attenuation), or by prior blockade of ionotropic excitatory amino acid receptors in the commNTS with kynurenate (8 nmol/80 nl; 82 ± 10% attenuation). Furthermore, activation of commNTS neurones following local micro-injection of bicuculline (30 pmol/60 nl) completely inhibited the elevated level of BAT SNA resulting from disinhibition of neurones in the RPa. These results demonstrate that hypoxic stimulation of arterial chemoreceptor afferents leads to a inhibition of BAT SNA and BAT thermogenesis through an EAA-mediated activation of second-order, arterial chemoreceptor neurones in the commNTS. Peripheral chemoreceptor-evoked inhibition of BAT SNA could directly contribute to (or be permissive for) the hypoxia-evoked reductions in body temperature and oxygen consumption that serve as an adaptive response to decreased oxygen availability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)559-573
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Physiology
Volume566
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2005

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Brown Adipose Tissue
Solitary Nucleus
Neurons
GABA-A Receptor Agonists
Kynurenic Acid
Carotid Sinus
Muscimol
Chloralose
Injections
Preoptic Area
Bicuculline
Thermogenesis
Urethane
Glutamate Receptors
Hypothermia
Body Temperature
Dinoprostone
Oxygen Consumption
Glycine
Ventilation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

Cite this

@article{1393b9e038c14234bea92e4571acc990,
title = "Hypoxic activation of arterial chemoreceptors inhibits sympathetic outflow to brown adipose tissue in rats",
abstract = "In urethane-chloralose anaesthetized, neuromuscularly blocked, artificially ventilated rats, we demonstrated that activation of carotid chemoreceptors inhibits the elevated levels of brown adipose tissue (BAT) sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) evoked by hypothermia, by micro-injection of prostaglandin E2 into the medial preoptic area or by disinhibition of neurones in the raphe pallidus area (RPa). Peripheral chemoreceptor stimulation with systemic administration of NaCN (50 μg in 0.1 ml) or with hypoxic ventilation (8{\%} O2-92{\%} N2, 30 s) completely inhibited BAT SNA. Arterial chemoreceptor-evoked inhibition of BAT SNA was eliminated by prior bilateral transections of the carotid sinus nerves or by prior inhibition of neurones within the commissural nucleus tractus solitarii (commNTS) with glycine (40 nmol/80 nl) or with the GABAA receptor agonist muscimol (160 pmol/80 nl; 77 ± 10{\%} attenuation), or by prior blockade of ionotropic excitatory amino acid receptors in the commNTS with kynurenate (8 nmol/80 nl; 82 ± 10{\%} attenuation). Furthermore, activation of commNTS neurones following local micro-injection of bicuculline (30 pmol/60 nl) completely inhibited the elevated level of BAT SNA resulting from disinhibition of neurones in the RPa. These results demonstrate that hypoxic stimulation of arterial chemoreceptor afferents leads to a inhibition of BAT SNA and BAT thermogenesis through an EAA-mediated activation of second-order, arterial chemoreceptor neurones in the commNTS. Peripheral chemoreceptor-evoked inhibition of BAT SNA could directly contribute to (or be permissive for) the hypoxia-evoked reductions in body temperature and oxygen consumption that serve as an adaptive response to decreased oxygen availability.",
author = "Madden, {Christopher (Chris)} and Shaun Morrison",
year = "2005",
month = "7",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1113/jphysiol.2005.086322",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "566",
pages = "559--573",
journal = "Journal of Physiology",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Hypoxic activation of arterial chemoreceptors inhibits sympathetic outflow to brown adipose tissue in rats

AU - Madden, Christopher (Chris)

AU - Morrison, Shaun

PY - 2005/7/15

Y1 - 2005/7/15

N2 - In urethane-chloralose anaesthetized, neuromuscularly blocked, artificially ventilated rats, we demonstrated that activation of carotid chemoreceptors inhibits the elevated levels of brown adipose tissue (BAT) sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) evoked by hypothermia, by micro-injection of prostaglandin E2 into the medial preoptic area or by disinhibition of neurones in the raphe pallidus area (RPa). Peripheral chemoreceptor stimulation with systemic administration of NaCN (50 μg in 0.1 ml) or with hypoxic ventilation (8% O2-92% N2, 30 s) completely inhibited BAT SNA. Arterial chemoreceptor-evoked inhibition of BAT SNA was eliminated by prior bilateral transections of the carotid sinus nerves or by prior inhibition of neurones within the commissural nucleus tractus solitarii (commNTS) with glycine (40 nmol/80 nl) or with the GABAA receptor agonist muscimol (160 pmol/80 nl; 77 ± 10% attenuation), or by prior blockade of ionotropic excitatory amino acid receptors in the commNTS with kynurenate (8 nmol/80 nl; 82 ± 10% attenuation). Furthermore, activation of commNTS neurones following local micro-injection of bicuculline (30 pmol/60 nl) completely inhibited the elevated level of BAT SNA resulting from disinhibition of neurones in the RPa. These results demonstrate that hypoxic stimulation of arterial chemoreceptor afferents leads to a inhibition of BAT SNA and BAT thermogenesis through an EAA-mediated activation of second-order, arterial chemoreceptor neurones in the commNTS. Peripheral chemoreceptor-evoked inhibition of BAT SNA could directly contribute to (or be permissive for) the hypoxia-evoked reductions in body temperature and oxygen consumption that serve as an adaptive response to decreased oxygen availability.

AB - In urethane-chloralose anaesthetized, neuromuscularly blocked, artificially ventilated rats, we demonstrated that activation of carotid chemoreceptors inhibits the elevated levels of brown adipose tissue (BAT) sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) evoked by hypothermia, by micro-injection of prostaglandin E2 into the medial preoptic area or by disinhibition of neurones in the raphe pallidus area (RPa). Peripheral chemoreceptor stimulation with systemic administration of NaCN (50 μg in 0.1 ml) or with hypoxic ventilation (8% O2-92% N2, 30 s) completely inhibited BAT SNA. Arterial chemoreceptor-evoked inhibition of BAT SNA was eliminated by prior bilateral transections of the carotid sinus nerves or by prior inhibition of neurones within the commissural nucleus tractus solitarii (commNTS) with glycine (40 nmol/80 nl) or with the GABAA receptor agonist muscimol (160 pmol/80 nl; 77 ± 10% attenuation), or by prior blockade of ionotropic excitatory amino acid receptors in the commNTS with kynurenate (8 nmol/80 nl; 82 ± 10% attenuation). Furthermore, activation of commNTS neurones following local micro-injection of bicuculline (30 pmol/60 nl) completely inhibited the elevated level of BAT SNA resulting from disinhibition of neurones in the RPa. These results demonstrate that hypoxic stimulation of arterial chemoreceptor afferents leads to a inhibition of BAT SNA and BAT thermogenesis through an EAA-mediated activation of second-order, arterial chemoreceptor neurones in the commNTS. Peripheral chemoreceptor-evoked inhibition of BAT SNA could directly contribute to (or be permissive for) the hypoxia-evoked reductions in body temperature and oxygen consumption that serve as an adaptive response to decreased oxygen availability.

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