Hydrops-induced changes in cochlear blood flow

Josef M. Miller, Tian Ying Ren, David Golding-Wood, Esa Laurikainen, Alfred L. Nuttall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Laser Doppler flowmetry was used to assess cochlear blood flow (CBF) in the hydropic ear in four experiments. 1) The increase in CBF elicited by local electrical stimulation of the cochlea in the hydropic ear was compared to that observed in normal controls. The magnitude of the evoked CBF change was reduced by approximately 30% in the hydropic ear compared to the normal ear. 2) The reduction in CBF evoked by direct electrical stimulation of the superior cervical ganglion was reduced by approximately one third in the hydropic ear compared to a normal ear. 3) Rhythmic (flux motion or vasomotion) variations in CBF, observed in association with lower blood pressure and thought to extend the autoregulatory range in an organ system, were reduced or eliminated in the hydropic ear. 4) The autoregulatory response to a decreased perfusion pressure, produced by decreased cardiac output, was clearly reduced relative to control in the hydropic ear. These findings represent the first report of significant CBF changes with hydrops. They are consistent with reports of increased sensitivity of the hydropic ear to trauma and stress and may be relevant considerations in the treatment of hydrops in humans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)476-483
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology
Volume104
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1995

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Keywords

  • autoregulation
  • electrical stimulation
  • guinea pig
  • inner ear
  • sympathetic autonomic nervous system
  • vasomotion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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