Human mutations in integrator complex subunits link transcriptome integrity to brain development

Renske Oegema, David Baillat, Rachel Schot, Leontine M. van Unen, Alice Brooks, Sima Kheradmand Kia, A. Jeannette M. Hoogeboom, Zheng Xia, Wei Li, Matteo Cesaroni, Maarten H. Lequin, Marjon van Slegtenhorst, William B. Dobyns, Irenaeus F.M. de Coo, Frans W. Verheijen, Andreas Kremer, Peter J. van der Spek, Daphne Heijsman, Eric J. Wagner, Maarten Fornerod & 1 others Grazia M.S. Mancini

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Abstract

Integrator is an RNA polymerase II (RNAPII)-associated complex that was recently identified to have a broad role in both RNA processing and transcription regulation. Importantly, its role in human development and disease is so far largely unexplored. Here, we provide evidence that biallelic Integrator Complex Subunit 1 (INTS1) and Subunit 8 (INTS8) gene mutations are associated with rare recessive human neurodevelopmental syndromes. Three unrelated individuals of Dutch ancestry showed the same homozygous truncating INTS1 mutation. Three siblings harboured compound heterozygous INTS8 mutations. Shared features by these six individuals are severe neurodevelopmental delay and a distinctive appearance. The INTS8 family in addition presented with neuronal migration defects (periventricular nodular heterotopia). We show that the first INTS8 mutation, a nine base-pair deletion, leads to a protein that disrupts INT complex stability, while the second missense mutation introduces an alternative splice site leading to an unstable messenger. Cells from patients with INTS8 mutations show increased levels of unprocessed UsnRNA, compatible with the INT function in the 3’-end maturation of UsnRNA, and display significant disruptions in gene expression and RNA processing. Finally, the introduction of the INTS8 deletion mutation in P19 cells using genome editing alters gene expression throughout the course of retinoic acid-induced neural differentiation. Altogether, our results confirm the essential role of Integrator to transcriptome integrity and point to the requirement of the Integrator complex in human brain development.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Article numbere1006809
JournalPLoS Genetics
Volume13
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Transcriptome
Mutation
Brain
transcriptome
mutation
brain
RNA
Human Development
Gene Expression
iodonitrotetrazolium
gene expression
cells
Periventricular Nodular Heterotopia
RNA Splice Sites
RNA Polymerase II
Sequence Deletion
Missense Mutation
Tretinoin
Base Pairing
Siblings

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Oegema, R., Baillat, D., Schot, R., van Unen, L. M., Brooks, A., Kia, S. K., ... Mancini, G. M. S. (2017). Human mutations in integrator complex subunits link transcriptome integrity to brain development. PLoS Genetics, 13(5), [e1006809]. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1006809

Human mutations in integrator complex subunits link transcriptome integrity to brain development. / Oegema, Renske; Baillat, David; Schot, Rachel; van Unen, Leontine M.; Brooks, Alice; Kia, Sima Kheradmand; Hoogeboom, A. Jeannette M.; Xia, Zheng; Li, Wei; Cesaroni, Matteo; Lequin, Maarten H.; van Slegtenhorst, Marjon; Dobyns, William B.; de Coo, Irenaeus F.M.; Verheijen, Frans W.; Kremer, Andreas; van der Spek, Peter J.; Heijsman, Daphne; Wagner, Eric J.; Fornerod, Maarten; Mancini, Grazia M.S.

In: PLoS Genetics, Vol. 13, No. 5, e1006809, 01.05.2017.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Oegema, R, Baillat, D, Schot, R, van Unen, LM, Brooks, A, Kia, SK, Hoogeboom, AJM, Xia, Z, Li, W, Cesaroni, M, Lequin, MH, van Slegtenhorst, M, Dobyns, WB, de Coo, IFM, Verheijen, FW, Kremer, A, van der Spek, PJ, Heijsman, D, Wagner, EJ, Fornerod, M & Mancini, GMS 2017, 'Human mutations in integrator complex subunits link transcriptome integrity to brain development' PLoS Genetics, vol 13, no. 5, e1006809. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1006809
Oegema R, Baillat D, Schot R, van Unen LM, Brooks A, Kia SK et al. Human mutations in integrator complex subunits link transcriptome integrity to brain development. PLoS Genetics. 2017 May 1;13(5). e1006809. Available from, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1006809
Oegema, Renske ; Baillat, David ; Schot, Rachel ; van Unen, Leontine M. ; Brooks, Alice ; Kia, Sima Kheradmand ; Hoogeboom, A. Jeannette M. ; Xia, Zheng ; Li, Wei ; Cesaroni, Matteo ; Lequin, Maarten H. ; van Slegtenhorst, Marjon ; Dobyns, William B. ; de Coo, Irenaeus F.M. ; Verheijen, Frans W. ; Kremer, Andreas ; van der Spek, Peter J. ; Heijsman, Daphne ; Wagner, Eric J. ; Fornerod, Maarten ; Mancini, Grazia M.S./ Human mutations in integrator complex subunits link transcriptome integrity to brain development. In: PLoS Genetics. 2017 ; Vol. 13, No. 5.
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