Human dendritic cells presenting adenovirally expressed antigen elicit Mycobacterium tuberculosis-specific CD8+ T cells

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Abstract

Previous studies in murine and human models have suggested an important role for CD8+ T cells in host defense to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). Consequently, a successful tuberculosis vaccine may require the elicitation of sustained CD4+ and CD8+ T cell responses. We tested the hypothesis that the potent CD4+ T cell antigen Mtb39 is also a CD8+ T cell antigen. A recombinant adenovirus-expressing Mtb39 (adenoMtb39) was used to infect monocyte-derived dendritic cells. Using interferon-γ enzyme-linked immunospot, Mtb39-specific CD8+ T lymphocytes were detected in three healthy individuals with latent tuberculosis infection who also had strong anti-Mtb39-specific CD4+ T cell responses. An Mtb39-specific CD8+ T cell line was generated using Mtb39-expressing dendritic cells. Mtb39-specific T cell clones were obtained by limiting dilution cloning. All seven T cell clones obtained were HLA-B44 restricted. Using a panel of synthetic overlapping peptides representative of Mtb39, the peptide epitope was identified for two clones. Furthermore, all T cell clones recognized Mtb-infected dendritic cells and were cytolytic. We conclude that infection of dendritic cells with adenoviral vectors expressing Mtb proteins allows for measurement of antigen-specific CD8+ T cell responses from peripheral blood mononuclear cells. The technique will be useful in defining CD8+ T cell antigens and in measuring immunogenicity of tuberculosis vaccines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)843-848
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Volume166
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 15 2002

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Keywords

  • CD8-positive T lymphocytes
  • Dendritic cells
  • Tuberculosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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