Human Cytomegalovirus miR-US5-2 Downregulation of GAB1 Regulates Cellular Proliferation and UL138 Expression through Modulation of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Signaling Pathways

Meaghan H. Hancock, Jennifer Mitchell, Felicia D. Goodrum, Jay A. Nelsona

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Regulation of epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor (EGFR) signaling is critical for the replication of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) as well as latency and reactivation in CD34+ hematopoietic progenitor cells. HCMV microRNAs (miRNAs) provide a means to modulate the signaling activated by EGF through targeting components of the EGFR signaling pathways. Here, we demonstrate that HCMV miRUS5-2 directly downregulates the critical EGFR adaptor protein GAB1 that mediates activation and sustained signaling through the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and MEK/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathways and cellular proliferation in response to EGF. Expression of HCMV UL138 is regulated by the transcription factor early growth response gene 1 (EGR1) downstream of EGFR-induced MEK/ERK signaling. We show that by targeting GAB1 and attenuating MEK/ERK signaling, miRUS5-2 indirectly regulates EGR1 and UL138 expression, which implicates the miRNA in critical regulation of HCMV latency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere00582-20
JournalmSphere
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • GAB1
  • UL138
  • cytomegalovirus
  • miRNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology

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