Hourly oral sodium chloride for the rapid and predictable treatment of hyponatremia

Eric Kerns, Shweta Patel, David M. Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hypertonic NaCl is first-line therapy for acute, severe and symptomatic hyponatremia; however, its use is often restricted to the intensive care unit (ICU). A 35-year-old female inpatient with an optic chiasm glioma and ventriculoperitoneal shunt for hydrocephalus developed acute hyponatremia (sodium 122 mEq/L) perhaps coinciding with haloperidol treatment. The sum of her urinary sodium and potassium concentrations was markedly hypertonic vis-à-vis plasma; it was inferred that serum sodium concentration would continue to fall even in the complete absence of fluid intake. Intravenous (IV) 3% NaCl was recommended; however, a city-wide public health emergency precluded her transfer to the ICU. She was treated with hourly oral NaCl tablets in a dose calculated to deliver the equivalent of 0.5 mL/kg/h of 3% NaCl with an objective of increasing the serum sodium concentration by 6 mEq/L. She experienced a graded and predictable increase in serum sodium concentration. A slight overshoot to 129 mEq/L was rapidly corrected with 0.25 l of D5W, and she stabilized at 127 mEq/L. We conclude that hourly oral NaCl, in conjunction with careful monitoring of the serum sodium concentration, may provide an attractive alternative to IV 3% NaCl for selected patients with severe hyponatremia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)397-401
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Nephrology
Volume82
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Arginine vasopressin
  • Hyponatremia
  • Osmoregulation
  • Sodium chloride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

Cite this