Both increases and decreases in methyl CpG-binding protein 2 (MeCP2) levels cause neurodevelopmental defects. We found that MeCP2 translation is regulated by microRNA 132 (miR132). Block of miR132-mediated repression increased MeCP2 and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels in cultured rat neurons and the loss of MeCP2 reduced BDNF and miR132 levels in vivo. This feedback loop may provide a mechanism for homeostatic control of MeCP2 expression.
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