Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infection is associated with the development of aggressive extranodal B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. Using microvascular endothelial cell (MVEC)-enriched bone marrow stromal cultures, HIV infection of stromal MVECs from lymphoma patients induced the outgrowth of malignant B cells. MVECs were the only HIV-infected cells in the stroma, and purified brain MVECs also induced a phenotype supportive of neoplastic B- cell attachment and proliferation. HIV infection of MVECs stimulated surface expression of CD40 and allowed preferential induction of the vascular cell adhesion molecule VCAM-1 after CD40 triggering. B-lymphoma cells expressed the CD40 ligand (CD40L), and blocking of CD40-CD40L interactions between HIV- infected MVECs and B-lymphoma cells inhibited B-cell attachment and proliferation. These observations suggest that HIV promotes B-lymphoma cell growth through facilitating attachment of lymphoma cells to HIV-infected MVECs and represent a novel mechanism through which viruses may induce malignancies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)