Histopathological comparison of eyes from patients with autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa caused by novel EYS mutations

Vera L. Bonilha, Mary E. Rayborn, Brent A. Bell, Meghan J. Marino, Gayle J. Pauer, Craig D. Beight, John Chiang, Elias I. Traboulsi, Joe G. Hollyfield, Stephanie A. Hagstrom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

To evaluate the retinal histopathology in donor eyes from patients with autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa (arRP) caused by EYS mutations. Eyes from a 72-year-old female (donor 1, family 1), a 91-year-old female (donor 2, family 2), and her 97-year-old sister (donor 3, family 2) were evaluated with macroscopic, scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (SLO) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging. Age-similar normal eyes and an eye donated by donor 1’s asymptomatic mother (donor 4, family 1) were used as controls. The perifovea and peripheral retina were processed for microscopy and immunocytochemistry with markers for cone and rod photoreceptor cells. DNA analysis revealed EYS mutations c.2259 + 1G > A and c.2620C > T (p.Q874X) in family 1, and c.4350_4356del (p.I1451Pfs*3) and c.2739-?_3244 + ?del in family 2. Imaging studies revealed the presence of bone spicule pigment in arRP donor retinas. Histology of all three affected donor eyes showed very thin retinas with little evidence of stratified nuclear layers in the periphery. In contrast, the perifovea displayed a prominent inner nuclear layer. Immunocytochemistry analysis demonstrated advanced retinal degenerative changes in all eyes, with near-total absence of rod photoreceptors. In addition, we found that the perifoveal cones were more preserved in retinas from the donor with the midsize genomic rearrangement (c.4350_4356del (p.I1451Pfs*3) and c.2739-?_3244 + ?del) than in retinas from the donors with the truncating (c.2259 + 1G > A and c.2620C > T (p.Q874X) mutations. Advanced retinal degenerative changes with near-total absence of rods and preservation of some perifoveal cones are observed in arRP donor retinas with EYS mutations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)295-305
Number of pages11
JournalGraefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Volume253
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • EYS mutations
  • Histopathology
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Recessive retinitis pigmentosa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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    Bonilha, V. L., Rayborn, M. E., Bell, B. A., Marino, M. J., Pauer, G. J., Beight, C. D., Chiang, J., Traboulsi, E. I., Hollyfield, J. G., & Hagstrom, S. A. (2014). Histopathological comparison of eyes from patients with autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa caused by novel EYS mutations. Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, 253(2), 295-305. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00417-014-2868-z