Hip fracture in women without osteoporosis

Stacey A. Wainwright, Lynn Marshall, Kristine E. Ensrud, Jane A. Cauley, Dennis M. Black, Teresa A. Hillier, Marc C. Hochberg, Molly T. Vogt, Eric Orwoll

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381 Scopus citations

Abstract

The proportion of fractures that occur in women without osteoporosis has not been fully described, and the characteristics of nonosteoporotic women who fracture are not well understood. We measured total hip bone mineral density (BMD) and baseline characteristics including physical activity, falls, and strength for 8065 women aged 65 yr or older participating in the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures and then followed these women for hip fracture for up to 5 yr after BMD measurement. Among all participants, 17% had osteoporosis (total hip BMD T-score ≤ -2.5). Of the 243 women with incident hip fracture, 54% were not osteoporotic at start of follow-up. Nonosteoporotic women who fractured were less likely than osteoporotic women with fracture to have baseline characteristics associated with frailty. Nevertheless, among nonosteoporotic participants, several characteristics increased fracture risk, including advancing age, lack of exercise in the last year, reduced visual contrast sensitivity, falls in the last year, prevalent vertebral fracture, and lower total hip BMD. These findings call attention to the many older women who suffer hip fracture but do not have particularly low antecedent BMD measures and help begin to identify risk factors associated with higher bone density levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2787-2793
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume90
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2005

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Wainwright, S. A., Marshall, L., Ensrud, K. E., Cauley, J. A., Black, D. M., Hillier, T. A., ... Orwoll, E. (2005). Hip fracture in women without osteoporosis. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 90(5), 2787-2793. https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2004-1568