Cerebral blood volume (CBV) measurement complements conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to indicate pathologies in the central nervous system (CNS). Dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) perfusion imaging is limited by low resolution and distortion. Steady-state (SS) imaging may provide higher resolution CBV maps but was not previously possible in patients. We tested the feasibility of clinical SS-CBV measurement using ferumoxytol, a nanoparticle blood pool contrast agent. SS-CBV measurement was analyzed at various ferumoxytol doses and compared with DSC-CBV using gadoteridol. Ninety nine two-day MRI studies were acquired in 65 patients with CNS pathologies. The SS-CBV maps showed improved contrast to noise ratios, decreased motion artifacts at increasing ferumoxytol doses. Relative CBV (rCBV) values obtained in the thalamus and tumor regions indicated good consistency between the DSC and SS techniques when the higher dose (510 mg) ferumoxytol was used. The SS-CBV maps are feasible using ferumoxytol in a clinical dose of 510 mg, providing higher resolution images with comparable rCBV values to the DSC technique. Physiologic imaging using nanoparticles will be beneficial in visualizing CNS pathologies with high vascularity that may or may not correspond with blood-brain barrier abnormalities.
- dynamic MR
- relative cerebral blood volume
- steady state
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine