Heteromeric KV2/KV8.2 channels mediate delayed rectifier potassium currents in primate photoreceptors

Jacqueline Gayet-Primo, Daniel B. Yaeger, Roupen A. Khanjian, Teresa Puthussery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Silent voltage-gated potassium channel subunits (KVS) interact selectively with members of the KV2 channel family to modify their functional properties. The localization and functional roles of these silent subunits remain poorly understood. Mutations in the KVS subunit, KV8.2 (KCNV2), lead to severe visual impairment in humans, but the basis of these deficits remains unclear. Here, we examined the localization, native interactions, and functional properties of KV8.2-containing channels in mouse, macaque, and human photoreceptors of either sex. In human retina, KV8.2 colocalized with KV2.1 and KV2.2 in cone inner segments and with KV2.1 in rod inner segments. KV2.1 and KV2.2 could be coimmunoprecipitated with KV8.2 in retinal lysates indicating that these subunits likely interact directly. Retinal KV2.1 was less phosphorylated than cortical KV2.1, a difference expected to alter the biophysical properties of these channels. Using voltage-clamp recordings and pharmacology, we provide functional evidence for KV2-containing channels in primate rods and cones.Wepropose that the presence ofKV8.2, and low levels ofKV2.1 phosphorylation shift the activation range ofKV2 channels to align with the operating range of rod and cone photoreceptors. Our data indicate a role forKV2/KV8.2 channels inhumanphotoreceptor function and suggest that the visual deficits in patients with KCNV2 mutations arise from inadequate resting activation of KV channels in rod and cone inner segments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3414-3427
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume38
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 4 2018

Fingerprint

Delayed Rectifier Potassium Channels
Retinal Photoreceptor Cell Inner Segment
Primates
Vertebrate Photoreceptor Cells
Retinal Cone Photoreceptor Cells
Retinal Rod Photoreceptor Cells
Voltage-Gated Potassium Channels
Mutation
Vision Disorders
Macaca
Retina
Phosphorylation
Pharmacology

Keywords

  • Cones
  • Ion channels
  • Potassium channels
  • Retina
  • Rods

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Heteromeric KV2/KV8.2 channels mediate delayed rectifier potassium currents in primate photoreceptors. / Gayet-Primo, Jacqueline; Yaeger, Daniel B.; Khanjian, Roupen A.; Puthussery, Teresa.

In: Journal of Neuroscience, Vol. 38, No. 14, 04.04.2018, p. 3414-3427.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gayet-Primo, Jacqueline ; Yaeger, Daniel B. ; Khanjian, Roupen A. ; Puthussery, Teresa. / Heteromeric KV2/KV8.2 channels mediate delayed rectifier potassium currents in primate photoreceptors. In: Journal of Neuroscience. 2018 ; Vol. 38, No. 14. pp. 3414-3427.
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abstract = "Silent voltage-gated potassium channel subunits (KVS) interact selectively with members of the KV2 channel family to modify their functional properties. The localization and functional roles of these silent subunits remain poorly understood. Mutations in the KVS subunit, KV8.2 (KCNV2), lead to severe visual impairment in humans, but the basis of these deficits remains unclear. Here, we examined the localization, native interactions, and functional properties of KV8.2-containing channels in mouse, macaque, and human photoreceptors of either sex. In human retina, KV8.2 colocalized with KV2.1 and KV2.2 in cone inner segments and with KV2.1 in rod inner segments. KV2.1 and KV2.2 could be coimmunoprecipitated with KV8.2 in retinal lysates indicating that these subunits likely interact directly. Retinal KV2.1 was less phosphorylated than cortical KV2.1, a difference expected to alter the biophysical properties of these channels. Using voltage-clamp recordings and pharmacology, we provide functional evidence for KV2-containing channels in primate rods and cones.Wepropose that the presence ofKV8.2, and low levels ofKV2.1 phosphorylation shift the activation range ofKV2 channels to align with the operating range of rod and cone photoreceptors. Our data indicate a role forKV2/KV8.2 channels inhumanphotoreceptor function and suggest that the visual deficits in patients with KCNV2 mutations arise from inadequate resting activation of KV channels in rod and cone inner segments.",
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AB - Silent voltage-gated potassium channel subunits (KVS) interact selectively with members of the KV2 channel family to modify their functional properties. The localization and functional roles of these silent subunits remain poorly understood. Mutations in the KVS subunit, KV8.2 (KCNV2), lead to severe visual impairment in humans, but the basis of these deficits remains unclear. Here, we examined the localization, native interactions, and functional properties of KV8.2-containing channels in mouse, macaque, and human photoreceptors of either sex. In human retina, KV8.2 colocalized with KV2.1 and KV2.2 in cone inner segments and with KV2.1 in rod inner segments. KV2.1 and KV2.2 could be coimmunoprecipitated with KV8.2 in retinal lysates indicating that these subunits likely interact directly. Retinal KV2.1 was less phosphorylated than cortical KV2.1, a difference expected to alter the biophysical properties of these channels. Using voltage-clamp recordings and pharmacology, we provide functional evidence for KV2-containing channels in primate rods and cones.Wepropose that the presence ofKV8.2, and low levels ofKV2.1 phosphorylation shift the activation range ofKV2 channels to align with the operating range of rod and cone photoreceptors. Our data indicate a role forKV2/KV8.2 channels inhumanphotoreceptor function and suggest that the visual deficits in patients with KCNV2 mutations arise from inadequate resting activation of KV channels in rod and cone inner segments.

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