Hepatic angiomyolipoma with striated granules and positivity with melanoma-specific antibody (HMB-45): A report of two cases

Douglas Weeks, Richelle Malott, Mark Arnesen, Craig Zuppan, Delmar Aitken, Gary Mierau

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Angiomyolipoma occurs rarely in the liver, with only 25 previous cases being reported in the English literature. The article describes two additional cases, one of which was multicentric, with results of ultrastructural and immunocytochemical studies. Many of the tumor cells contained numerous electron-dense granules, some with transverse striations like those found in melanosomes. Both tumors stained positively for S-100 protein and melanoma-specific antibody HMB-45. One case also expressed vimentin and neuron-specific eno-lase. Both were negative for cytokeratin, carci-noembryonic antigen, a-fetoprotein, desmin, muscle-specific actin, factor VIII antigen, and chromogranin. Comparison of our ultrastructural findings with those of classic renal angiomyolipoma raises the possibility that the melanosomelike structures may represent renin granules rather than melanosomes, although the latter are not excluded. Expression of HMB-45 in angiomyolipoma has important biologic and diagnostic implications, whether or not it reflects melanocytic differentiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)563-571
Number of pages9
JournalUltrastructural Pathology
Issue number4-5
Publication statusPublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes


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