Hemoglobin levels and Alzheimer disease: An epidemiologic study in India

Rajesh S. Pandav, Vijay Chandra, Hiroko H. Dodge, Steven T. DeKosky, Mary Ganguli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Objective: Anemia is common in developing countries, where populations are aging rapidly. The authors explored the cross-sectional relationship between hemoglobin concentration and Alzheimer disease (AD) in a rural elderly sample in Ballabgarh, India. Methods: A clinical diagnostic evaluation for dementia and a hemoglobin estimation were performed in 605 persons selected by screening a larger community-based sample age 55 + years. Twenty-six participants met criteria for AD. Results: Hemoglobin was inversely associated with AD after adjustment for age, sex. and literacy. Conclusion: Low hemoglobin is associated with AD and should be investigated further as a modifiable risk factor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)523-526
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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