Hemodynamic effects of lipids in humans

Milos P. Stojiljkovic, Da Zhang, Heno F. Lopes, Christine G. Lee, Theodore L. Goodfriend, Brent M. Egan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

90 Scopus citations

Abstract

Evidence suggests lipid abnormalities may contribute to elevated blood pressure, increased vascular resistance, and reduced arterial compliance among insulin-resistant subjects. In a study of 11 normal volunteers undergoing 4-h-long infusions of Intralipid and heparin to raise plasma nonesterified fatty acids (NEFAs), we observed increases of blood pressure. In contrast, blood pressure did not change in these same volunteers during a 4-h infusion of saline and heparin. To better characterize the hemodynamic responses to Intralipid and heparin, another group of 21 individuals, including both lean and obese volunteers, was studied after 3 wk on a controlled diet with 180 mmol sodium/day. Two and four hours after starting the infusions, plasma NEFAs increased by 134 and 111% in those receiving Intralipid and heparin, P < 0.01, whereas plasma NEFAs did not change in the first group of normal volunteers who received saline and heparin. The hemodynamic changes in lean and obese subjects in the second study were similar, and the results were combined. The infusion of Intralipid and heparin induced a significant increase in systolic (13.5 ± 2.1 mmHg) and diastolic (8.0 ± 1.5 mmHg) blood pressure as well as heart rate (9.4 ± 1.4 beats/min). Small and large artery compliance decreased, and systemic vascular resistance rose. These data raise the possibility that lipid abnormalities associated with insulin resistance contribute to the elevated blood pressure and heart rate as well as the reduced vascular compliance observed in subjects with the cardiovascular risk factor cluster.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R1674-R1679
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume280
Issue number6 49-6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Hypertension
  • Nonesterified fatty acids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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