Helicobacter pylori is a causative organism for chronic gastritis and associated with peptic ulcer disease. Infection may be asymptomatic as well. Human immuno-deficiency virus infection predisposes to a multitude of opportunistic infections, many of them resulting in gastrointestinal symptoms. We studied the prevalence of H pylori co-infection with HIV and its correlation with gastrointestinal symptoms in HIV infected patients. Seventy-three consecutive HIV infected patients presenting to the medical out patient department of Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh, India, were included in the study. Antibodies (IgG) to H pylori were tested by ELISA. There were 43 males, 30 females; mean age 26.1 +/- 4.7 years. Risk factors for acquiring HIV infection was predominantly heterosexual exposure. Eleven patients presented with gastrointestinal symptoms. Thirty-five of the 73 (47.9%) patients had serological evidence of H pylori infection. Six of them had gastrointestinal symptoms. These were odynophagia in 5, dyspepsia in 4 and recent diarrhoea in 2. Twenty-four patients with H pylori infection had AIDS. There was no difference in the prevalence of H pylori infection between patients with and without AIDS.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Tropical gastroenterology : official journal of the Digestive Diseases Foundation|
|State||Published - 2002|
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