The increasing number of older adults with blood-related disorders and the introduction of reduced-intensity conditioning regimens has led to increases in hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) transplantation among older adults and a corresponding increase in the age of siblings who donate HSCs to these patients. Data regarding the donation-related experiences of older donors are lacking. The Related Donor Safety Study aimed to examine/compare health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of older versus younger HSC donors. Sixty peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) donors ages 18 to 60 years and 104 PBSC donors age >60 years completed validated questionnaires before donation and 4 weeks and 1 year after donation. Before donation, older donors had poorer general physical health (t = −3.27; P = .001) but better mental health (t = 2.11; P < .05). There were no age differences in multiple other donation-related factors. At 4 weeks after donation, there were no group differences in general physical/mental health, but older donors were less likely to report donation-related pain (t = −2.26; P < .05) and concerns (t = −3.38; P = .001). At both 4 weeks and 1 year after donation, there were no significant differences in the percentage of each age group feeling physically back to normal or in the number of days it took donors to feel completely well. There was no evidence that increasing age within the older donor group was associated with poorer donation-related HRQoL. Taken together, these data support the current practice of HSC donation by sibling donors above age 60, providing no evidence of worsening HRQoL up to 1 year after donation in individuals up to age 76.
- HSC donor health-related quality of life (HRQoL)
- Hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) donation
- Related donation
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