Health and risk behaviors in survivors of childhood acute myeloid leukemia: A report from the Children's Oncology Group

Kris Ann P. Schultz, Lu Chen, Zhengjia Chen, Lonnie K. Zeltzer, H. Stacy Nicholson, Joseph P. Neglia

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    22 Scopus citations


    Background. Survivors of childhood acute myeloid leukemia (AML) face increased risks of chronic disease and secondary malignancies. Substance exposure may compound these risks. Procedures. Participants were diagnosed with AML at <21 years of age and survived ≥5 years following diagnosis. All underwent chemotherapy alone or followed by autologous BMT (chemo ± autoBMT) or underwent allogeneic BMT (alloBMT) if an HLAmatched related donor was available. Survivors completed a health questionnaire and a Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS). Results. Of eligible survivors, 117 were ≥18 years of age and completed a YRBS. Survivors were a mean age of 10 years at diagnosis and 24 years at interview. Of the substance exposures assessed by YRBS, tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana were most common. Twenty-two percent (22%) had smoked cigarettes in the last 30 days. One-quarter (25%) reported binge drinking in the last month. None of these exposures varied by treatment group. Less than 10% of survivors reported cocaine, heroin, or methamphetamine use. Men were more likely to report high substance exposure (P=0.004). Sadness/suicidality score was associated with cancer-related anxiety (P=0.006) and multiple health conditions (P=0.006). Conclusions. This analysis reveals exposure to tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana in young adults with few differences based on treatment received. Survivors with cancer-related anxiety or multiple health conditions were more likely to report sadness/hopelessness.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)157-164
    Number of pages8
    JournalPediatric Blood and Cancer
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - Jul 15 2010


    • Leukemia
    • Pediatric
    • Smoking
    • Survivor

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
    • Hematology
    • Oncology

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