Half-Octave Shift in Mammalian Hearing Is an Epiphenomenon of the Cochlear Amplifier

Sripriya Ramamoorthy, Alfred Nuttall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The cochlear amplifier is a hypothesized positive feedback process responsible for our exquisite hearing sensitivity. Experimental evidence for or against the positive feedback hypothesis is still lacking. Here we apply linear control theory to determine the open-loop gain and the closed-loop sensitivity of the cochlear amplifier from available measurements of basilar membrane vibration in sensitive mammalian cochleae. We show that the frequency of peak closed-loop sensitivity is independent of the stimulus level and close to the characteristic frequency. This implies that the half-octave shift in mammalian hearing is an epiphenomenon of the cochlear amplifier. The open-loop gain is consistent with positive feedback and suggests that the high-frequency cut-off of the outer hair cell transmembrane potential in vivo may be necessary for cochlear amplification.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere45640
JournalPLoS One
Volume7
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 25 2012

Fingerprint

Cochlea
Audition
hearing
Hearing
Feedback
Outer Auditory Hair Cells
Control theory
membrane potential
vibration
hairs
Amplification
Basilar Membrane
Cells
Membranes
Vibration
Membrane Potentials
cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Half-Octave Shift in Mammalian Hearing Is an Epiphenomenon of the Cochlear Amplifier. / Ramamoorthy, Sripriya; Nuttall, Alfred.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 7, No. 9, e45640, 25.09.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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