Supernatants of cultured human thymic nonlymphoid cells were assayed for granulopoietic factors using cultures of low density bone marrow mononuclear cells (LD-BMMC). Thymic nonlymphoid cell-conditioned medium (TNLC-CM) supported vigorous myeloid colony growth of LD-BMMC, and of LD-BMMC depleted of T lymphocytes and/or monocytes. Colony stimulating activity (CSA) in TNLC-CM was abrogated by a highly specific neutralizing antiserum against recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). TNLC-CM also enhanced colony growth in LD-BMMC stimulated by colony stimulating activity from a giant cell tumor culture (GCT). The enhancing activity of TNLC-CM, unlike its CSA activity, required the presence of adherent cells in the marrow cell culture. The addition of anti-interleukin-1 (anti-IL-1) anti-body to TNLC-CM inhibited the GCT-enhancing activity, but not the CSA. When the anti-IL-1 immunoglobulin was added directly to cultures of thymic nonlymphoid cells, GM-CSF production was completely inhibited, and the GCT enhancing activity was neutralized. We conclude that an intercellular regulatory network exists in cultured thymic explants in which GM-CSF expression is induced by IL-1. In this system, the granulopoietic effect of IL-1 derives not from a direct effect on myeloid progenitors, but from its ability to recruit CSA production by other cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 1988|
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