Gonadal steroid modulation of neurotransmitter-stimulated cAMP accumulation in the hippocampus of the rat

Allan Harrelson, Bruce McEwen

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    Abstract

    We have investigated the influences of gonadal and adernal hormones on neurotransmitter-stimulated cyclic adenosine 3′, 5′-phosphate (cAMP) formation in hippocampal slices from male and female rats. We found that castration of male rats specifically decreases histamine-stimulated cAMP accumulation,as does administration of estradiol plus progesterone to ovariectomized female rats. In ovariectomized females, activation of cAMP accumulation by isoproterenol was also reduced by estradiol plus progesterone treatment. Although neither of these endocrine manipulations significantly affected stimulation of cAMP accumulation by vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), regulation of VIP-stimulated cAMP generation by glucocorticoids was found in female rats. However, the direction of the effect of the synthetic glucocorticoid dexamethasone in females was opposite to its previously demonstrated action in males. These results suggest that gonadal and other steroids may specifically modulate the responsiveness of components of the adenylate cyclase system to certain neurotransmitters, and that such regulation may differ between the sexes and may occur in telecephalic brain regions such as the hippocampus.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)89-94
    Number of pages6
    JournalBrain research
    Volume404
    Issue number1-2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Feb 24 1987

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    Keywords

    • Adenylate cyclase
    • Castration
    • Cyclic adenosine 3′, 5′-phosphate (AMP)
    • Gonadal steroid
    • Hippocampus

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Neuroscience(all)
    • Molecular Biology
    • Clinical Neurology
    • Developmental Biology

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