Glycosylation of the osmoresponsive transient receptor potential channel TRPV4 on Asn-651 influences membrane trafficking

Hongshi Xu, Yi Fu, Wei Tian, David Cohen

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55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We identified a consensus N-linked glycosylation motif within the pore-forming loop between the fifth and sixth transmembrane segments of the osmoresponsive transient receptor potential (TRP) channel TRPV4. Mutation of this residue from Asn to Gln (i.e., TRPV4N651Q) resulted in loss of a slower migrating band on anti-TRPV4 immunoblots and a marked reduction in lectin-precipitable TRPV4 immunoreactivity. HEK293 cells transiently transfected with the mutant TRPV4N651Q exhibited increased calcium entry in response to hypotonic stress relative to wild-type TRPV4 transfectants. This increase in hypotonicity responsiveness was associated with an increase in plasma membrane targeting of TRPV4N651Q relative to wild-type TRPV4 in both HEK293 and COS-7 cells but had no effect on overall channel abundance in whole cell lysates. Residue N651 of TRPV4 is immediately adjacent to the pore-forming loop. Although glycosylation in this vicinity has not been reported for a TRP channel, the structurally related hexahelical hyperpolarization- activated cyclic nucleotide-gated channel, HCN2, and the voltage-gated potassium channel, human ether-a-go-go-related (HERG), share a nearly identically situated and experimentally confirmed N-linked glycosylation site which promotes rather than limits channel insertion into the plasma membrane. These data point to a potentially conserved structural and functional feature influencing membrane trafficking across diverse members of the voltage-gated-like ion channel superfamily.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Volume290
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2006

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Transient Receptor Potential Channels
Glycosylation
Membranes
Hyperpolarization-Activated Cyclic Nucleotide-Gated Channels
Cell Membrane
Voltage-Gated Potassium Channels
HEK293 Cells
COS Cells
Osmotic Pressure
Ion Channels
Lectins
Ether
Calcium
Mutation

Keywords

  • Cell volume regulation
  • Hypotonicity
  • Ion channel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

Cite this

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title = "Glycosylation of the osmoresponsive transient receptor potential channel TRPV4 on Asn-651 influences membrane trafficking",
abstract = "We identified a consensus N-linked glycosylation motif within the pore-forming loop between the fifth and sixth transmembrane segments of the osmoresponsive transient receptor potential (TRP) channel TRPV4. Mutation of this residue from Asn to Gln (i.e., TRPV4N651Q) resulted in loss of a slower migrating band on anti-TRPV4 immunoblots and a marked reduction in lectin-precipitable TRPV4 immunoreactivity. HEK293 cells transiently transfected with the mutant TRPV4N651Q exhibited increased calcium entry in response to hypotonic stress relative to wild-type TRPV4 transfectants. This increase in hypotonicity responsiveness was associated with an increase in plasma membrane targeting of TRPV4N651Q relative to wild-type TRPV4 in both HEK293 and COS-7 cells but had no effect on overall channel abundance in whole cell lysates. Residue N651 of TRPV4 is immediately adjacent to the pore-forming loop. Although glycosylation in this vicinity has not been reported for a TRP channel, the structurally related hexahelical hyperpolarization- activated cyclic nucleotide-gated channel, HCN2, and the voltage-gated potassium channel, human ether-a-go-go-related (HERG), share a nearly identically situated and experimentally confirmed N-linked glycosylation site which promotes rather than limits channel insertion into the plasma membrane. These data point to a potentially conserved structural and functional feature influencing membrane trafficking across diverse members of the voltage-gated-like ion channel superfamily.",
keywords = "Cell volume regulation, Hypotonicity, Ion channel",
author = "Hongshi Xu and Yi Fu and Wei Tian and David Cohen",
year = "2006",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1152/ajprenal.00245.2005",
language = "English (US)",
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journal = "American Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology",
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T1 - Glycosylation of the osmoresponsive transient receptor potential channel TRPV4 on Asn-651 influences membrane trafficking

AU - Xu, Hongshi

AU - Fu, Yi

AU - Tian, Wei

AU - Cohen, David

PY - 2006/5

Y1 - 2006/5

N2 - We identified a consensus N-linked glycosylation motif within the pore-forming loop between the fifth and sixth transmembrane segments of the osmoresponsive transient receptor potential (TRP) channel TRPV4. Mutation of this residue from Asn to Gln (i.e., TRPV4N651Q) resulted in loss of a slower migrating band on anti-TRPV4 immunoblots and a marked reduction in lectin-precipitable TRPV4 immunoreactivity. HEK293 cells transiently transfected with the mutant TRPV4N651Q exhibited increased calcium entry in response to hypotonic stress relative to wild-type TRPV4 transfectants. This increase in hypotonicity responsiveness was associated with an increase in plasma membrane targeting of TRPV4N651Q relative to wild-type TRPV4 in both HEK293 and COS-7 cells but had no effect on overall channel abundance in whole cell lysates. Residue N651 of TRPV4 is immediately adjacent to the pore-forming loop. Although glycosylation in this vicinity has not been reported for a TRP channel, the structurally related hexahelical hyperpolarization- activated cyclic nucleotide-gated channel, HCN2, and the voltage-gated potassium channel, human ether-a-go-go-related (HERG), share a nearly identically situated and experimentally confirmed N-linked glycosylation site which promotes rather than limits channel insertion into the plasma membrane. These data point to a potentially conserved structural and functional feature influencing membrane trafficking across diverse members of the voltage-gated-like ion channel superfamily.

AB - We identified a consensus N-linked glycosylation motif within the pore-forming loop between the fifth and sixth transmembrane segments of the osmoresponsive transient receptor potential (TRP) channel TRPV4. Mutation of this residue from Asn to Gln (i.e., TRPV4N651Q) resulted in loss of a slower migrating band on anti-TRPV4 immunoblots and a marked reduction in lectin-precipitable TRPV4 immunoreactivity. HEK293 cells transiently transfected with the mutant TRPV4N651Q exhibited increased calcium entry in response to hypotonic stress relative to wild-type TRPV4 transfectants. This increase in hypotonicity responsiveness was associated with an increase in plasma membrane targeting of TRPV4N651Q relative to wild-type TRPV4 in both HEK293 and COS-7 cells but had no effect on overall channel abundance in whole cell lysates. Residue N651 of TRPV4 is immediately adjacent to the pore-forming loop. Although glycosylation in this vicinity has not been reported for a TRP channel, the structurally related hexahelical hyperpolarization- activated cyclic nucleotide-gated channel, HCN2, and the voltage-gated potassium channel, human ether-a-go-go-related (HERG), share a nearly identically situated and experimentally confirmed N-linked glycosylation site which promotes rather than limits channel insertion into the plasma membrane. These data point to a potentially conserved structural and functional feature influencing membrane trafficking across diverse members of the voltage-gated-like ion channel superfamily.

KW - Cell volume regulation

KW - Hypotonicity

KW - Ion channel

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