The synthetic profile of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) of human trabecular meshwork in perfusion organ culture was studied in a series of 34 human eyes. The anterior segments of these eyes were cultured for periods of two to 28 days and received medium containing 3H-glucosamine and 35S-sulfate during the final 48 hours of culture. The meshwork was then dissected and the GAGs isolated and subjected to sequential enzyme digestion. Active labelling of hyaluronic acid, chondroitin sulfate, dermatan sulfate, keratan sulfate, and heparan sulfate was found in all time periods. Eyes cultured seven and 14 days had similar incorporation profiles to "fresh" eyes (cultured 48 hours to allow for labelling). Eyes cultured 21 days showed an increase in dermatan sulfate labelling and a slight decrease in keratan sulfate labelling when compared with "fresh" eyes. Light microscopic autoradiography confirmed the trabecular meshwork incorporation of the radiolabelled precursors at all time periods. Thus, the trabecular meshwork remains metabolically active and GAG synthetic profiles remain reasonably similar to fresh eyes for up to three weeks in a perfusion organ culture system. This system may serve as a model for future studies of human trabecular meshwork GAGs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience