Genetic Analysis of Benign, Low-Grade, and High-Grade Ovarian Tumors

Hiroshi Iwabuchi, Masaru Sakamoto, Hotaka Sakunaga, Yen Ying Ma, Maria L. Carcangiu, Daniel Pinkel, Teresa L. Yang-Feng, Joe W. Gray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

273 Scopus citations

Abstract

Genetic abnormalities were assessed in 56 benign, low-, and high-grade ovarian tumors using comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) and analysis of loss of heterozygosity (LOH). In addition, 95 epithelial tumors were analyzed for microsatellite repeat instability. DNA sequence copy number abnormalities (CNAs) were not detected in the benign tumors, and more were detected in high-grade than in low-grade cancers. Almost no microsatellite repeat instability was detected in these cancers. CNAs occurring in more than 30% of the cancers included increased copy number on 3q25-26 and 8q24 and reduced copy number on 16q and 17pter-q21. Another 14 CNAs occurred in more than 20% of the cancers. Increased copy number at 3q25-26 and 20ql3 was the most frequent CNA in low-grade tumors, and increased copy number at 8q24 occurred preferentially in high-grade tumors. The presence of a large number of CNAs per tumor was significantly correlated with reduced patient survival duration. Reduced copy number on 17pter-q21 was most strongly associated with accumulation of a large number of CNAs. The overall concordance between LOH and reduced copy number detected by CGH was 84%, but only 31 % of the LOH was associated with reduced copy number detected using CGH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6172-6180
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Research
Volume55
Issue number24
StatePublished - Dec 15 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Iwabuchi, H., Sakamoto, M., Sakunaga, H., Ma, Y. Y., Carcangiu, M. L., Pinkel, D., Yang-Feng, T. L., & Gray, J. W. (1995). Genetic Analysis of Benign, Low-Grade, and High-Grade Ovarian Tumors. Cancer Research, 55(24), 6172-6180.