Genetic analysis of 10 pedigrees with inherited retinal degeneration by exome sequencing and phenotype-genotype association

Pooja Biswas, Jacque L. Duncan, Bruno Maranhao, Igor Kozak, Kari Branham, Luis Gabriel, Jonathan H. Lin, Giulio Barteselli, Mili Navani, John Suk, Michelle Parke, Catherine Schlechter, Richard Weleber, John R. Heckenlively, Gislin Dagnelie, Pauline Lee, S. Amerriazuddin, Radha Ayyagari

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Abstract

Genetic analysis of 10 pedigrees with inherited retinal degeneration by exome sequencing and phenotype-genotype association. Physiol Genomics 49: 216-229, 2017. First published January 27, 2017; doi:10.1152/physiolgenomics. 00096.2016.—Our purpose was to identify causative mutations and characterize the phenotype associated with the genotype in 10 unrelated families with autosomal recessive retinal degeneration. Ophthalmic evaluation and DNA isolation were carried out in 10 pedigrees with inherited retinal degenerations (IRD). Exomes of probands from eight pedigrees were captured using Nimblegen V2/V3 or Agilent V5+UTR kits, and sequencing was performed on Illumina HiSeq. The DHDDS gene was screened for mutations in the remaining two pedigrees with Ashkenazi Jewish ancestry. Exome variants were filtered to detect candidate causal variants using exomeSuite software. Segregation and ethnicity-matched control sample analysis were performed by dideoxy sequencing. Retinal histology of a patient with DHDDS mutation was studied by microscopy. Genetic analysis identified six known mutations in ABCA4 (p.Gly1961Glu, p.Ala1773Val, c.5461-10T>C), RPE65 (p.Tyr249Cys, p.Gly484Asp), PDE6B (p.Lys706Ter) and DHDDS (p.Lys42Glu) and ten novel potentially pathogenic variants in CERKL (p.Met323Val fsX20), RPE65 (p.Phe252Ser, Thr454Leu fsX31), ARL6 (p.Arg121His), USH2A (p.Gly3142Ter, p.Cys3294Trp), PDE6B (p.Gln652Ter), and DHDDS (p.Thr206Ala) genes. Among these, variants/mutations in two separate genes were observed to segregate with IRD in two pedigrees. Retinal histopathology of a patient with a DHDDS mutation showed severe degeneration of retinal layers with relative preservation of the retinal pigment epithelium. Analysis of exome variants in ten pedigrees revealed nine novel potential disease-causing variants and nine previously reported homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in the CERKL, ABCA4, RPE65, ARL6, USH2A, PDE6B, and DHDDS genes. Mutations that could be sufficient to cause pathology were observed in more than one gene in one pedigree.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)216-229
Number of pages14
JournalPhysiological Genomics
Volume49
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017

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Keywords

  • Exome sequencing
  • Genetics
  • IRD
  • Phenotype-genotype
  • Retinal degeneration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics

Cite this

Biswas, P., Duncan, J. L., Maranhao, B., Kozak, I., Branham, K., Gabriel, L., Lin, J. H., Barteselli, G., Navani, M., Suk, J., Parke, M., Schlechter, C., Weleber, R., Heckenlively, J. R., Dagnelie, G., Lee, P., Amerriazuddin, S., & Ayyagari, R. (2017). Genetic analysis of 10 pedigrees with inherited retinal degeneration by exome sequencing and phenotype-genotype association. Physiological Genomics, 49(4), 216-229. https://doi.org/10.1152/physiolgenomics.00096.2016