General review of tinnitus: Prevalence, mechanisms, effects, and management

James A. Henry, Kyle C. Dennis, Martin A. Schechter

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

485 Scopus citations


Tinnitus is an increasing health concern across all strata of the general population. Although an abundant amount of literature has addressed the many facets of tinnitus, wide-ranging differences in professional beliefs and attitudes persist concerning its clinical management. These differences are detrimental to tinnitus patients because the management they receive is based primarily on individual opinion (which can be biased) rather than on medical consensus. It is thus vitally important for the tinnitus professional community to work together to achieve consensus. To that end, this article provides a broad-based review of what is presently known about tinnitus, including prevalence, associated factors, theories of pathophysiology, psychological effects, effects on disability and handicap, workers' compensation issues, clinical assessment, and various forms of treatment. This summary of fundamental information has relevance to both clinical and research arenas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1204-1235
Number of pages32
JournalJournal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1 2005


  • Hearing disorders
  • Mechanisms
  • Review
  • Tinnitus
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing


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