Gene therapy of Fanconi anemia: Preclinical efficacy using lentiviral vectors

Francesco Galimi, Meenakshi Noll, Yoshiyuki Kanazawa, Timothy Lax, Cindy Chen, Markus Grompe, Inder M. Verma

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75 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fanconi anemia (FA) is an inherited cancer susceptibility syndrome caused by mutations in a DNA repair pathway including at least 6 genes (FANCA, FANCC, FANCD2, FANCE, FANCF, and FANCG). The clinical course of the disease is dominated by progressive, life-threatening bone marrow failure and high incidence of acute myelogenous leukemia and solid tumors. Allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is a therapeutic option but requires HLA-matched donors. Gene therapy holds great promise for FA, but previous attempts to use retroviral vectors in humans have proven ineffective given the impaired proliferation potential of human FA hematopoietic progenitors (HPCs). In this work, we show that using lentiviral vectors efficient genetic correction can be achieved in quiescent hematopoietic progenitors from Fanca -/- and Fancc -/- mice. Long-term repopulating HPCs were transduced by a single exposure of unfractionated bone marrow mononuclear cells to lentivectors carrying the normal gene. Notably, no cell purification or cytokine prestimulation was necessary. Resistance to DNA-damaging agents was fully restored by lentiviral transduction, allowing for in vivo selection of the corrected cells with nonablative doses of cyclophosphamide. This study strongly supports the use of lentiviral vectors for FA gene therapy in humans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2732-2736
Number of pages5
JournalBlood
Volume100
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2002

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Galimi, F., Noll, M., Kanazawa, Y., Lax, T., Chen, C., Grompe, M., & Verma, I. M. (2002). Gene therapy of Fanconi anemia: Preclinical efficacy using lentiviral vectors. Blood, 100(8), 2732-2736. https://doi.org/10.1182/blood-2002-04-1245