Gene Expression of Atrial Natriuretic Factor in Ovine Fetal Heart During Development

Donna D. Johnson, Tamara A. Tetzke, Cecilia Y. Cheung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The present study quantified the abundance of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) messenger RNA (mRNA) and determined the developmental pattern of ANF gene expression in the four cardiac chambers of the ovine fetus during the last two-thirds of gestation. METHODS: Twenty-one fetuses from 13 time-dated pregnant ewes at gestational ages of 60- 145 days were used for this study. Total RNA from fetal atria and ventricles was extracted and ANF mRNA was analyzed by Northern blotting. The ANF mRNA signal was quantified by light densitometry. The abundance of ANF mRNA in the cardiac chambers across gestational ages was analyzed by linear regression analysis and one-way analysis of variance. RESULTS: Atrial natriuretic factor mRNA was much more abundant in the atria than in the ventricles of all fetuses at each gestational age studied. Atrial ANF mRNA levels were lowest in the younger fetuses at 60 days and increased with advancing gestation. Ventricular ANF mRNA levels were highest in fetuses at 60 days and decreased to almost nondetectable levels near term. No difference in ANF mRNA abundance was noted between the right and left atria or the right and left ventricles at each gestational age. CONCLUSION: A developmental pattern of ANF gene expression is demonstrated in the ovine fetal heart during the last two-thirds of gestation. This pattern shows that atrial ANF mRNA abundance increases while ventricular abundance decreases as the fetus matures. Expression of the ANF gene in the fetal period may be regulated developmentally or induced by cardiovascular changes in utero. (J Soc Gynecol Invest 1994;1:14-8).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14-18
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Society for Gynecologic Investigation
Volume1
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1994

Keywords

  • Atrial natriuretic peptide
  • atria
  • developmental pattern
  • gene expression
  • ventricles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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