Gene and protein expression markers of response to combined antiangiogenic and epidermal growth factor targeted therapy in renal cell carcinoma

D. Tsavachidou-Fenner, N. Tannir, P. Tamboli, W. Liu, D. Petillo, B. Teh, G. B. Mills, E. Jonasch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) patients treated with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapies demonstrate promising outcomes but not all patients benefit. Factors that predict response remain to be elucidated. Patients and methods: Nephrectomy material from 37 patients with mRCC receiving bevacizumab ± erlotinib was used for protein and gene expression assessment. Protein lysates were subjected to reverse-phase protein array profiling. RNA extracts were used to carry out gene expression microarray-based profiling. Normalized protein and gene expression data were correlated with overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) using univariate Cox hazard model and linear regression. Immunoblotting was carried out to validate the results. Results: High protein levels of AMP-activated protein kinase and low levels of cyclin B1 (CCNB1) were associated with longer OS and PFS. Further validation revealed reduced expression and activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway components and cell cycle factors in patients with prolonged survival after therapy. Gene expression analysis revealed up-regulation of PI3K-and cell cycle-related pathways in patients with shorter PFS. Conclusions: The OS and PFS of bevacizumab ± erlotinib-treated patients with renal cell carcinoma were associated with changes in expression of protein and gene expression markers related to PI3K pathway and cell cycle signaling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1599-1606
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Volume21
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 20 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Angiogenesis
  • Bevacizumab
  • Biomarker profiling
  • Gene expression arrays
  • Protein arrays
  • Renal cell carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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