Gender, polychronicity, and the work–family interface: is a preference for multitasking beneficial?

Karen Korabik, Tricia van Rhijn, Roya Ayman, Donna S. Lero, Leslie Hammer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined how polychronicity, or the preference to do several things concurrently, was related to work and family overload, work–family conflict, and outcomes in the work, family, and life domains (i.e. turnover intent, family, and life satisfaction). Using conservation of resources theory as a framework, polychronicity was conceptualized as a resource that could be used to reduce work and family overload. The participants were 553 employed parents from Canada and the US. Results indicated that polychronicity was related to lower work overload. Lower work overload was related to lower work interference with family conflict, lower turnover intent, and higher family and life satisfaction. We also examined gender differences and found that, although women scored significantly higher than men on family overload and family satisfaction, and significantly lower than men on life satisfaction, there was no mean gender difference on polychronicity. In addition, the path coefficients in the model were not significantly different for men and women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalCommunity, Work and Family
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Apr 30 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

multiple stress
gender
turnover
gender-specific factors
family work
family
resources
resource
interference
parents
conservation
Canada

Keywords

  • gender
  • multitasking
  • polychronicity
  • role overload
  • Work–family

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Development

Cite this

Gender, polychronicity, and the work–family interface : is a preference for multitasking beneficial? / Korabik, Karen; Rhijn, Tricia van; Ayman, Roya; Lero, Donna S.; Hammer, Leslie.

In: Community, Work and Family, 30.04.2016, p. 1-20.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{bc1938588cc34ccca57d42093e612f30,
title = "Gender, polychronicity, and the work–family interface: is a preference for multitasking beneficial?",
abstract = "This study examined how polychronicity, or the preference to do several things concurrently, was related to work and family overload, work–family conflict, and outcomes in the work, family, and life domains (i.e. turnover intent, family, and life satisfaction). Using conservation of resources theory as a framework, polychronicity was conceptualized as a resource that could be used to reduce work and family overload. The participants were 553 employed parents from Canada and the US. Results indicated that polychronicity was related to lower work overload. Lower work overload was related to lower work interference with family conflict, lower turnover intent, and higher family and life satisfaction. We also examined gender differences and found that, although women scored significantly higher than men on family overload and family satisfaction, and significantly lower than men on life satisfaction, there was no mean gender difference on polychronicity. In addition, the path coefficients in the model were not significantly different for men and women.",
keywords = "gender, multitasking, polychronicity, role overload, Work–family",
author = "Karen Korabik and Rhijn, {Tricia van} and Roya Ayman and Lero, {Donna S.} and Leslie Hammer",
year = "2016",
month = "4",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1080/13668803.2016.1178103",
language = "English (US)",
pages = "1--20",
journal = "Community, Work and Family",
issn = "1366-8803",
publisher = "Routledge",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gender, polychronicity, and the work–family interface

T2 - is a preference for multitasking beneficial?

AU - Korabik, Karen

AU - Rhijn, Tricia van

AU - Ayman, Roya

AU - Lero, Donna S.

AU - Hammer, Leslie

PY - 2016/4/30

Y1 - 2016/4/30

N2 - This study examined how polychronicity, or the preference to do several things concurrently, was related to work and family overload, work–family conflict, and outcomes in the work, family, and life domains (i.e. turnover intent, family, and life satisfaction). Using conservation of resources theory as a framework, polychronicity was conceptualized as a resource that could be used to reduce work and family overload. The participants were 553 employed parents from Canada and the US. Results indicated that polychronicity was related to lower work overload. Lower work overload was related to lower work interference with family conflict, lower turnover intent, and higher family and life satisfaction. We also examined gender differences and found that, although women scored significantly higher than men on family overload and family satisfaction, and significantly lower than men on life satisfaction, there was no mean gender difference on polychronicity. In addition, the path coefficients in the model were not significantly different for men and women.

AB - This study examined how polychronicity, or the preference to do several things concurrently, was related to work and family overload, work–family conflict, and outcomes in the work, family, and life domains (i.e. turnover intent, family, and life satisfaction). Using conservation of resources theory as a framework, polychronicity was conceptualized as a resource that could be used to reduce work and family overload. The participants were 553 employed parents from Canada and the US. Results indicated that polychronicity was related to lower work overload. Lower work overload was related to lower work interference with family conflict, lower turnover intent, and higher family and life satisfaction. We also examined gender differences and found that, although women scored significantly higher than men on family overload and family satisfaction, and significantly lower than men on life satisfaction, there was no mean gender difference on polychronicity. In addition, the path coefficients in the model were not significantly different for men and women.

KW - gender

KW - multitasking

KW - polychronicity

KW - role overload

KW - Work–family

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84965053649&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84965053649&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/13668803.2016.1178103

DO - 10.1080/13668803.2016.1178103

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84965053649

SP - 1

EP - 20

JO - Community, Work and Family

JF - Community, Work and Family

SN - 1366-8803

ER -